IPM Egyptian Experience in Weed Management in Winter Cereals and Legumes

Abstract: Weed research is very important for agriculture and land reclamation in Egypt, Ministry of agriculture & land reclamation aims to solve farmer problems and maximize production and improve land and water resources through strategy of sustainable development, which is adopted by ministry of agriculture.

In this connection weeds are reported to cause production losses estimated by 14% while losses due to insect pests and plant diseases are estimated by 15 and 13% respectively. For this reason ministry of agriculture is very interested in research to generate technologies and transferring it to farmer fields to decrease these losses and increase their production and keep environment without pollution.

Integrated weed management is of great importance for realizing high yield of field crops. Major weed problems in wheat have to address narrow and broadleaf weeds especially wild oats, which started as a major problem by the middle of the eighties. Faba bean also suffers stresses of Orobanche as main constraint threatening this crop. The prevention of yields losses due to weeds in these two crops and other winter crops as lentil and barley is very important approach for increasing cereals and legumes by weed research scientists.

Although weed research in ARC started many years ago, yet much emphasis on effective weed management research in major field crops took place during the last two decades. In this respect, numerous data and results of backup research and applied research have been accumulated during the last several years. It is worthwhile to mention that progress on effective weed management in farmer’s fields and consequently higher yield of major winter crops was realized due to close link and cooperation between researchers and extension staff. Thus research results were disseminated to farmer fields and the adoption and impact of such work was much appreciated by the agriculture community of Egypt.

This publication is meant to document the success story of weed management in Egypt. So that the experience as model of research and technology transfer can be shared by other scientists nationally and
internationally. Much appreciation is due to scientists, extension staff and farmers and above all ARC and Ministry of Agriculture EU and ICARDA and many others for their encouragement and financial support to whom this work is dedicated.
URL
Publication year 2005
Country
External authors (outside ARC)
AGROVOC
TERMS
Herbicides. Weed control. Weeds.
Proposed Agrovoc