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عربي Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research VOL.95 NO.1(2017)    ---   Brief of Decisions and Recommendations of Boord of institutes and central Labs. Directors dated 9-3-2017   ---   Follow up Implementation of ARC Board Meeting Decrees dated 9/3/2017   ---   Follow up Implementation of ARC Board Meeting Decrees dated 2/8/2016   ---   Brief of Decisions and Recommendations of Boord of institutes and central Labs. Directors dated 2-8-2016   ---   Follow up Implementation of ARC Board Meeting Decrees dated 26/7/2016   ---   Brief of Decisions and Recommendations of Boord of institutes and central Labs. Directors dated 26-7-2016   ---   Hungarian Minister of Agriculture visit Agricultural Research center   ---   Brief of Decisions and Recommendations of Boord of institutes and central Labs. Directors dated 19-5-2016   ---   Brief of Decisions and Recommendations of Boord of institutes and central Labs. Directors dated 26-4-2016   ---   
Centers and Landscape
*Center for Buffalo
*Center for information
*Center for Rice
*Center Maize & Sorghum
*Center Wheat Research
*Center Sids
Center for Buffalo
Objectives
  • To provide an effective contact between researchers and buffalo raisers and transfer the results of research for application with those raisers.
  • To enhance buffalo productivity at the national level, through improving its performance at different raisers categories that raise about as 95 % of the buffalo population in Egypt.
  • To implement field service campaigns (reproductive examination and therapy, artificial insemination and parasite treatment); as well as extension campaign (for animal husbandry, breeding and nutrition).
  • To organize series of workshops with participation of breeders to discuss different problems and constraints of their animal farms.
  • To carry out feasibility studies for the projects and enterprises in the areas of milk and meat production to help new investors increase their return from such activities.
Future Prospects
  • Improving the knowledge and skills of buffalo raisers (small to medium and from medium to large scale raisers). This will lead to improving the production levels, consequently increase market supply from animal products (dairy and meat).
  • Establishing cooperative working relations with the corresponding centers and institutions abroad.
  • Assist in establishing a strict recording system at the national level for buffalo herds and implementing genetic evaluation of sires through the progeny testing.
 
Center for information
Objectives
  • Collect data and information that serve the aims of the ARC’s Institutes and Laboratories as well as those of the Ministry of Agriculture’s affiliated bodies.
  • Record, analyse, organize, update and Categorize data and information besides offering the microfilm documentation service of such data and information in order to enhance the policy making process.
  • Provide technical assistance to detect the illegal constructions on the agricultural lands, based on the 1985 air survey of Egypt’s farm lands and populous mass.
  • Document the reports submitted by delegates from MALR following completion of out-of-country missions.
Achievements
  • Carried out an economic field study on "The Economics of Cultivation Under Greenhouse Conditions In Private/ Public Sectors”, published in 1992 and 1995.
  • Submitted in 1993 a detailed Study on "Manpower in Agricultural Research in Egypt".
  • Carried Out, in 1994, a study on "The Financial Sources of Agricultural Research".
  • Data retrieval system for mission abroad and the subsequent reports submitted by MALR’s delegates since 1987.
  • Translated and published of an Arabic version of the UN Codex Alimentarius Commission reports [ALINORM].
  • The microfilm documentation and the basic data & information keeping/retrieving system of the Egypt Urban Zone maps comprising all the earlier land area maps (about 30000 maps) of 16 Egyptian Governorates.
  • Published an information bulletin comprising the most important report resumes submitted by the Egyptian delegates.
  • Established a retrievable system for the 1996 Census of the Agricultural Research Center's Manpower.
  • Established a retrievable system for the third Five - year plan (1992-1997) of the ARC programs.
Current Activities
  • Publishing the "Mission" information bulletin comprising the most important report resumes submitted by Egyptian delegates.
  • Publishing of the scientific Arabic Translation bulletin of the UN Codex Alimentarius Commission reports [ALINORM].
  • Offering data and Information about researchers and delegates experiences and the urban zone maps to decision makers based on the submitted reports and flowcharts.
  • Providing urban map service to the local units and city councils at the different Governorates by offering a collection of maps of the population mass distribution at such units.
  • Carrying –out a comprehensive statistical study of the ARC's Manpower including Research and support staff.
Future Prospects
The Information & Documentation Center is seeking to;
  • Update the Agricultural sector manpower data.
  • Contribute under the signed Protocol with the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities to the illustration of the archeological locations at Egypt area maps.
  • Continue to assist in the work of the urban zone committees and the Public Authority Of The Urban Planning based on 1985 air survey of the Egyptian urban zone.
 
Center for Rice
Objectives
  • Develop and release new rice varieties and hybrids, characterized by being early mature, disease and insect resistant, with tolerance to adverse conditions (salinity, drought and high temperature).
  • Produce high quality breeder and foundation seeds for all rice commercial varieties and supervise registered seeds.
  • Optimize cultural practices (package of technology) for new rice varieties and hybrids to increase their productivity.
  • Develop integrated pest management (weeds, diseases and insects) technology to minimize yield losses.
  • Technology transfer to farmers through demonstration fields, verification trials, field days and train extension workers and pioneer farmers on this packages technology.
  • Enhance the capability of the rice researchers through national and international training, scientific exchange, and attending local and international conferences.
  • Design and implement extension and training programs for extension agents and farmers in collaboration with the Central Administration for agricultural extension.
  • Carryout training programs for African countries in collaboration with international agencies.
Future Prospects
  • Increase and sustain rice productivity and competitiveness through: improving and renewing the genetic resources to improve the agronomic and yield characters, disease and insect resistance and utilizing biotechnology and innovative breeding methods to increase rice yield and quality.
  • Cooperate with Egyptian universities, national and international research centers in the area of research findings and genetic materials.
  • Increase saline soil productivity through: release high-yielding rice varieties and hybrids tolerant to adverse conditions.
  • Strength the cooperation among researchers, extension agents, and farmers through training and technology transfer.
  • Encourage the innovative research for improving productivity, grain quality, plant nutrition, and water efficiency.
  • Improve the researcher’s efficiency through training, study tours, and participation in the national and international conferences.
 
Center Maize & Sorghum
Current Activities
The main objective of maize and sorghum research, extension and training center (MSRETC) at Gemmeiza is to increase the national production average of both sorghum and maize from 24.3 and 17.35 ardab/feddan respectively (2002 season) to 28.0 and 20.0 ardab/feddan, during the next five years to bridge the gap between local production and consumption of these two crops. This target can be attained over the coming five years through establishing the following components:
  1. Breeding Component:
    Developing new white and yellow inbreds and hybrids with high yield performance. These new hybrids are characterized by better resistance to different diseases, insects and other environmental stresses through the use of new genetic resources and biotechnology techniques.
  2. Agronomy Component:
    The main objective of agronomy component is to improve the agricultural practices and conduct more physiological studies to develop new recommendations suitable for old and new lands through the use of biofertilizers and manures under different irrigation systems.
  3. Diseases and Insects Research Component:
    This component aims at incorporating genetic factors controlling disease resistance and insect tolerance into the new germplasm (inbreds and hybrids) using both traditional breeding methods and biotechnology procedures.
  4. Weed Control Research Component:
    Developing the best mechanical and chemical methods and techniques for weed control to reduce yield losses due to harmful competition between weeds and the growing crop.
  5. Seed Production Component:
    It aims at producing breeder and foundation seed of the new inbreds and hybrids to meet all seed requirements of the national program, private seed companies and the Central Administration For Seed Production.
  6. Technology Transfer and Extension Component:
    To improve farmer’s adaptability to the new technical recommendations of both crops and the follow up of their implementation.
  7. Crop Economics Research Component:
    To conduct different economic studies for running costs, cash return, and feasibility studies of research projects and also preparation of statistical data of the Research Center.
  8. Training Component:
    In and out-of-country training for researchers and support staff in the field of breeding, agronomy . . . etc. Also, training agricultural extension agents at different governorates on the application of the crop technical package of recommendations.
Future Prospects
Achieve the main objectives of the Research Center and develop new high yielding, pest resistant and drought tolerant hybrids. Also, encourage farmers to grow more yellow corn.
 
Center Wheat Research
Objectives
  1. Developing of new high yielding cultviars of bread and durum wheat as well as barley. Moreover, determination of the best agricultural practice packages to maximize the yield of such cultuvars. The program also, aims to multiply and maintain breeder and foundation seed for these cultivars.
  2. Introducing to farmers the developed recommendation packages of the proper agricultural practices through technology transfer actvities from land preparation to harvesting.
  3. Training extension agents and distinguished farmers on the new agricultural practices to enhance their knowledge. Likewise, training seed multiplication specialists on how to identify commercial cultivars.
Future Prospects
The continuity of:
  • Development of new promising wheat and barley cultivars as well as conducting agronomy experiments to develop new recommendation packages.
  • Technology transfer activities through cooperation with extension agents and some leading farmers.
  • Producing high quality breeder and foundation seed for the commercial cultivars.
  • Cooperation with wheat and barley international centers to exchange modern information and technologies.
 
Center Sids
Objectives
  1. Developing of new high yielding cultviars of bread and durum wheat as well as barley.
  2. Promoting the best agricultural practices to maximize the yield of such cultuvars, multiplying and maintaining breeder and foundation seed for these cultivars.
  3. Introducing to farmers the developed recommendation packages of the proper agricultural practices through technology transfer actvities from land preparation to harvesting.
  4. Training extension agents and leading growers in the new agricultural practices to enhance their knowledge. Likewise, training seed multiplication specialists on how to identify commercial cultivars.
Future Prospects
WRETC will continue to:
  • Develop new promising wheat and barley cultivars as well as conducting agronomy experiments to develop new recommendation packages.
  • Transfer technology to wheat growers through cooperation with extension agents and some leading farmers.
  • Produce high quality breeder and foundation seed for the commercial cultivars.
  • Cooperate with wheat and barley international centers in the exchange of research findings and technologies.