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Cotton Research Institute (CRI) عربي
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C.R.I. is one of the oldest cotton research institutions in Egypt and worldwide. Its inception dates back to the first decade of the 20th century when it was established as a unit within a small research station at Giza little before the Ministry of Agriculture was created in 1913 . In 1919 ,GOE established the “ Cotton Research Council” to investigate ways and means of improving yield, enhance resistance to pests and diseases, design and implement soil research and plant physiology ( fertilization and nutrition ) .
In 1935, the Experimental Spinning mill was established to compliment the other technical departments .In 1971 ,the Agricultural Research Center was established to mark a new era of integrated research, including breeding , Agronomy , quality and extension .
At the initial stage , research focused on breeding improved , high yielding varieties, based on selection of diserable mutations or genetic segregation of earlier natural hybridization . As of 1921, the Cotton Research Council approved the utilization of artificial hybridization to develop new cotton varieties . The aim was to incorporate into a new strain such diserable traits from parent plants . The technique was further developed to become the major approach for developing new varieties .
Cotton technology research was also developed to complement agronomy research The Experimental Spinning mill is now the second wing of C.R.I. A multi-disciplinary approach within C.R.I. enhances collaboration among cotton breeders , agronomists and technologists in the process of developing new varieties that fulfil needs of the domestic and international Spinners . With this in mind , the National Program for Cotton Improvement functions on two levels :
1-Breeding new varieties exceeding the existing ones in yield , quality or both, together with preserving , renovating and multiplying the grown varieties to produce foundation seeds and specify the most suitable agro . climatic zones for higher yield and better spin ability .
2-Continually developing agronomic practices to increase yield and reduce cost .

The CRI premises is located within the ARC ‘ s headquarters at 9, Gamaa,t El Qahira street , Giza . It also has representative offices at the regional research stations distributed nationwide (sakha / kafr El sheikh , Gemmaiza / Gharbia , Sides / Beni swaif, Malawi / Menya, Shandaweil / Sohag , El-matana /Qena). In addition, some of the CRI experiments are inplemented in the farmers’ fields within the central Administration for Agricultural Research Stations of the ARC .

CRI consists of 10 research sections under two main headings : -

1- Cotton Production Research , comprising
cotton breeding , varietal conservation, regional evaluation, agronomy and physiology .
2- Cotton Technology Research , comprising cotton yarn ,fiber , chemistry, grading and ginning sections . CRI also has a general department for foundation seeds Ginning .