1- Increasing the productive and reproductive efficiency of Egyptian buffalo. This was accomplished by pursuing an environmental and genetic improvement program and providing selected genetically superior buffalo bulls or their semen to private sector farmers, small holders and all organizations dealing with water buffalo breeding.
2- Improving the productivity of endogenous cattle by crossing with high productive exotic breeds using artificial insemination to produce crossbred strains adapted to small farmer conditions.
3- Introducing embryo transfer technology as a rapid tool for genetic improvement.
4- Increasing the twinning rate of local sheep by crossing with prolific temperate genotypes from exotic breeds.
5- Improving the productive performance of local goats and determining genetic measurements that can be used in selection of local breeds.
6- Producing local and developed strains of poultry and rabbits adapted to the local environmental conditions.
7- Expanding the utilization of agricultural by-products in animal feed to reduce feed cost and reduce environmental pollution.
8- Evaluating nutrient requirements, feedstuffs, and feed additives for livestock and poultry.
9- Evaluating the properties and quality of milk and dairy products.
10- Establishing a department of Biotechnology, which includes the activities of artificial insemination in small and large ruminants, embryo transfer, in-vitro fertilization, bovine blood typing and DNA sequencing.
11- The Institute has executed ambitious programs in 9 governorates to develop animal production using research packages of artificial insemination, good nutrition, optimizing milk yield and encouraging processing of dairy products through the Food Sector Development Program (FSDP). Also, through FSDP, the Institute has established 4 technical offices in its research stations to provide technical advice in all animal production disciplines.
12- Establishing a breeder service unit, which provides services of herd recording, feed and milk analyses and mastitis detection for the private sector projects and small farmers.
13- Establishing the elite herd of buffalo to produce genetically superior bulls and disseminating them among small breeders and scientific institutions to improve the genetic characteristics of buffalo.
14- The Institute has founded research station for camel research in Marsa Matrouh and poultry research station in El-Sabahia, Alexandria. An International Poultry Training Center is being established in the same station.