Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of in-ovo L- carnitine injection on hatchability of Domyati duck eggs and post hatching growth performance of ducklings. A total of 540 eggs were randomly divided into six treatments group. The 1st , 2nd , and 3rd groups were: negative control ©; sham-injected control (P) and solution injected (8) groups, while, the 4th, 5th, and 6th groups were in-ovo injected with 0.1 ml/egg saline solution containing 10,20 or 30 mg of L-car, respectively. A total number of 180 ducklings hatched from the six experimental treatment groups were weighed and distributed into six experimental groups (30 ducklings each) and reared during growth period (0-12 wks of age) to study the effect of in-ovo experimental treatments on growth performance, carcass traits, blood plasma parameters and breast muscle histology.
The obtained results could be summarized as follows:
1. In-ovo L-car (10 mg) injection had significantly (p<0.01) the best value of hatchability (%) followed by control groups.
2. All L-car doses (10, 20, and 30 mg) recorded high significant (p<0.01) values for live body weight from hatch up to the end of experimental period, with the low dose (10 mg) being the best.
3. The body weight gain, and feed conversion ratio were significantly increased, while, feed consumption was decreased in ducklings from L-car treated eggs during the overall periods compared to the control groups.
4. Carcass traits for ducklings from all L-car treated eggs were significantly (p<0.01) improved while, decreased in abdominal fat(%) as compared to control groups.
5. Plasma HDL was significantly (p<0.05) increased and LDL decreased in ducklings from in-ovo L-car injection treatments as compared with the control groups.
6. Plasma triiodothyronine (T3) and Insulin-like growth factot-l concentration were significantly (p<0.01) higher for the in-ovo L-car injected groups than the control groups.
7. Histological observations showed pronounced increases in myofibrils size and number in breast muscle sections of L-car ducklings compare to the control ones; the 10 mg injected group was the best.
It is concluded that in-ovo injection of 10 mg L-car in Domyati duck eggs at day 17 of incubation period had positive effects on hatchability, blood plasma constituents, IGF-l, T3 hormone, growth performance and carcass traits during summer condition in Egypt.
Keywords: L-carnitine- in-ovo injection- Ducks- Hatchability- Carcas- Blood.
Publication year 2016
Pages 695 -709
Availability location معهد بحوث الانتاج الحيوانى- شارع نادى الصيد- دقى- جيزة
Availability number
Organization Name
Country Egypt
serial title Egyption Poultry Science
ISSN 1110-5623
Volume 36 . III
Author(s) from ARC
Agris Categories Animal physiology - Growth and development
Blood. Carcasses. Carnitine. Ducks. Egg hatchability.
Proposed Agrovoc in-ovo injection;
Publication Type Journal