Measures of the Competitiveness of Egyptian Cotton in the Most Important Foreign Markets

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• Journal of Mansoura University for Agricultural Sciences, Mansoura University, Vol.(33), No.(9), Mansoura, Egypt. September 2008.
For a long time, Egyptian cotton occupied an important position in terms of production and domestic consumption. In addition, it is one of the major export crops which the country's designed economic policy aims at maximizing the returns earned from by increasing its exported quantity. During the past period, average domestic production of cotton declined from L.E 9.2 million during the seventies to about L.E 4.3 million in 2006. Moreover, cotton planted area declined from an average of 1.4 million feddans during the seventies to about 550 thousand feddans in 2006. on the other hand, Egyptian cotton exports declined from an average of 4 million kantars during the seventies to about 1.3 million kantars in 2006.
This research aims at identifying the main reasons behind the deterioration of Egyptian cotton exports, and focuses on measuring the competitiveness of Egyptian cotton in major foreign markets with the help of some export performance indicators.
Results show that Egyptian cotton enjoys an apparent comparative advantage in foreign markets. The coefficient of instability indicates that the quantity exported of Egyptian cotton, cotton export price, and the total value of exports are all characterized by instability during the period (1980-2006). In addition, the indicator regarding the competitive position of Egyptian cotton indicates that Egypt does not have a comparative advantage in the export price of cotton compared to the U.S.A, Egypt's main competitor in the quantity exported of long-staple cotton.
Moreover, market share indicator for Egyptian cotton indicates a decline in Egyptian cotton imports in the major importing markets where it reached 17.40% in India as average of the period (2005-2007), while reached about 16.2%, 4.9%, 2.3%, 0.9%, 0.4% in Pakistan, Italy, South Korea, Turkey, China, respectively, which is considered a tiny percentage regarding the absorptive capacity of such countries, although Egypt's production of long-staple and extra long-staple cotton represents about 28.5% of the world production of the same quality.
Publication year 2008
Availability location مكتبة كلية الزراعة - جامعة المنصورة - المنصورة، الدقهلية، مصر.
Availability number
Organization Name
City الدقهلية
serial title مجلة جامعة المنصورة للعلوم الزراعية
Web Page
Author(s) from ARC
Agris Categories International trade
Exports. Gossypium. International relations. International trade. World markets.
Proposed Agrovoc معامل عدم الاستقرار (Instability Coefficient);الميزة النسبية الظاهرة (Revealed Comparative Advantage index (RCA));مؤشر التنافسية (Competitiveness Index);مؤشر النصيب السوقي (Market Share Index);
Publication Type Journal