An Economic Study of the Effect of Using the Technology of Varieties on Rice Production (A Case Study of Governorates Sharkia)

Abstract: ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
• Mansoura Journal of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Mansoura University,
Vol. 9 (8), August 2018.
- There was a decrease in the cultivated area of rice with a significant annual increase of about 27.82 thousand feddans in the Republic compared to about 5.88 thousand feddans in Sharkia. This decrease was not statistically significant, and the surplus of the rice crop decreased by an annual average of 106.3 thousand tons during the study period .
- As a result of the replacement of low-productivity varieties by low-productivity varieties through the modification of the annual structure and the increase in productivity to about 4.08 tons / fed, which increases the actual production of low-productivity varieties. , Giza 178, Giza 177, Giza 171, other varieties (2.14, 0.84, 7.73, 44.65, 10.32, 6.91, 15.06) respectively.
-It was found from The estimation of the production function of cultivar Sakha 104 showed that the quantity of seeds had the greatest effect on the productivity of the feddan, followed by the mechanical work, then nitrogen fertilizer, human labor and then the superphosphate fertilizer, while the quantity of seed had the greatest effect on the feddan yield of Sakha 101 , Followed by mechanical work, then human labor, then nitrogen fertilizer, while the automation component had the greatest effect on the feddan productivity of Giza 170, then nitrogen fertilizer, and then seed.
- The sample of the field study showed that the total revenue per feddan of improved rice amounted to about 16.58 thousand pounds compared to about 13.49 thousand pounds of traditional rice, an average of about 15.52 thousand pounds per feddan. While the net revenue per feddan of improved rice was about 7.71 thousand pounds against about 4.45 thousand pounds for traditional rice, an average of about 6.59 thousand pounds per feddan. The profitability of the invested pound per feddan of improved rice was about 87 piasters compared to about 49 piasters for traditional rice, with an average of about 74 piasters.
Based on these results, the study recommends the following: -
1 - interest in scientific research and the need to work on the development of modern varieties by research centers high productivity, and resistant to drought and salinity, diseases and insects, and a short stay in the soil.
2 - The necessity of working on the vertical expansion of the production of rice in Egypt in general and the province of Eastern in particular, through the substitution of varieties of high productivity and resistance to diseases and drought and short duration of stay in place of traditional items, especially after the limited suppliers of land and water.
Publication year 2018
Pages 561 - 567
Availability location مكتبة كلية الزراعة - جامعة المنصورة - المنصورة، الدقهلية، مصر
Availability number
Organization Name
City الدقهلية
serial title المجلة الاقتصاد الزراعي والعلوم الاجتماعية
Web Page
Author(s) from ARC
Agris Categories Production economics
Publication Type Journal