The Economics of White Cheese and Yogurt Manufacturing in The Municipality Laboratories (Case Study of Municipal Laboratories Qaliubiya Governorate)

Abstract: ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
• Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Vol.(26), No.(2), Cairo, Egypt, June 2016.
The colors of the animal protein cheap sources compared to other types as a source of national income in terms of domestic production of milk reached in 2013 about 5.6 million tons valued at around 23.9 billion pounds, it imports dairy products, about 1.06 million tons and amounted to milk and dairy products exports about 551,000 tons and reached Total net food from the dairy, about 6.117 million tonnes, or that there is a gap between the availability of domestic production and consumption amounted to about 1.118 million tons (10) in 2013 to be imported from abroad, on the one hand, and on the other hand, we find that the average per capita milk in Egypt reached about 75.7 kg per year, much lower than the global averages recommended by nutrition scientists per capita average of not less than per capita consumption from 180 kg in the year, and because the milk fast goods from damage so you must convert it from fresh milk to processed products (such as cheese and Yogurt) aimed at curbing corruption milk from his face and raise the value of manufacturing on the other hand, however, the industry is facing the problems of productivity and other marketing you need to find the most suitable proposals to be resolved to ensure the continued flow of commodities factory along the year.
The most important results:
1-are selling about 70% of the cheese and yogurt product laboratories municipal Qaliubiya province for retailers (stores selling milk and groceries, supermarkets), while the remaining 30% is sold directly to consumers.
2-The sale of the quantities of yogurt immediately upon completion of the manufacturing fuller next day directly by 53.8%, while for white cheese are selling after storage for a short period (fresh cheese) rose by 23.1%, while for cheese inventories (Alostunboly) are selling about 60: 90 days at a rate of about 23.1% of the total views of the respondents.
3-representing milk value of factory white cheese municipal labs in the study area approximately 89.95% of the total manufacturing costs, and represents the total variable costs approximately 99.41% of the total manufacturing costs, while fixed costs represent only 0.59% perhaps because the calculations are done daily.
4. The yield on the pound invested in the white areas of study soft cheese industry has reached about 0.16 penny / pound per day.
5. The milk value factory yogurt laboratories municipal governorate of Qaliubiya about 70.04% of the total cost of manufacturing and represent variable costs costs approximately 98.25% of the total yogurt manufacturing costs, while fixed costs represent only 1.75 may be due to the short-costing period (Day One ) .
6. The yield on the pound invested in the yogurt industry, laboratories municipal areas of the study was about 42 penny per day.
7. The average gross value added of white cheese manufacturing by a factor of the study sample of about 4.27 pounds to manufacture the unit (kg cheese) and the average net value added of white cheese manufacturing reached about 4.23 pounds for the manufacture of the unit (kg cheese).
8. The average social surplus of white cheese manufacturing by a factor of the study sample of about 3.73 pounds at the unit level (kg cheese).
9. The average gross value added of yogurt a factor of the study sample of about 0.473 pounds / tray, the average net value added of yogurt about 0.470 pounds / tray at the unit level (tray).
10. The average social surplus for the manufacture of yoghurt factor of the study sample of about 0.407 pounds / tray at the unit level (tray).
The most important recommendations:
1. The need for this quality inventory from the worker and sentenced to supervision and on irregularities and labor used for health and censorship (legally) and update the industry laws and harsher punishment in violation situations for a safe healthy product.
2. supply this kind of pure, electricity and conservation devices and cooling water and pasteurization plants (in installments) to keep the product from damage and extend consumer health product is safe.
3. The establishment of centers to collect milk synthesis of high quality and control of the authorities concerned in every village or group of nearby villages to maintain and extend the milk plants Baanaajtha and prevent dealing with Tier vendors.
4. allow the establishment of dairy plants in the cities and villages of the New (near the production areas) provided there is equipment for pasteurization to preserve the product and get the milk products are safe and healthy to raise the value of manufacturing milk.
5. expansion of breeding animals high milk production need to extend the consumption of fresh face and supply labs of its need dairy overall length.
Publication year 2016
Pages 671 - 696
Availability location مكتبة معهد بحوث الاقتصاد الزراعي-7 ش نادى الصيد - مبنى الهيئات والشركات - الدقي- الجيزة (الدور الرابع)
Availability number
Organization Name
City القاهرة
serial title المجلة المصرية للاقتصاد الزراعي
Author(s) from ARC
Agris Categories Agro-industry
Publication Type Journal