An Economic Study of The Reality of The Arab Food Security and Intra-OIC Trade in The Light of The Economic and Trade Agreements

Abstract: ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
• The 24th Conference of Agricultural Economists, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Cairo, Egypt, 9-10 November 2016.
Comes issue of food security a top priority for decision-makers Political Arab countries due to the correlation of life with food Despite the fact that the Arab countries have the human resources, land, and water, which, if properly exploited to achieve food security and self-sufficiency and has been the reduction of the food gap, but the Arab countries working alone and did not invest trade agreements signed between them and aimed to revitalize bilateral trade and production to be in accordance with comparative advantage of each State shall not be random decisions.
And it has been conducting these economic study in order to identify the reality of Food Security Arab and intra-regional trade in light of the economic agreements and trade, and to complete the study used published secondary data and unpublished and included research method using both descriptive analysis and appropriate quantitative for those types of data which contributed to draw conclusions, which check for research purposes.
The most important findings and recommendations:
1. There is a gap between the production and consumption of Arab food estimated at 155.56 million tons, the order represents 61.54% of the total production during the (2010-2012)
2. decreased the proportion of self-sufficiency of raw sugar and vegetable oils, grains and flour and wheat to reach about 27%, 41.6%, 43.3%, 46.4%, 48.8% in 2012
3. The total value of imports rose for the Arab States of about 460.82 billion average for the period (2005-2009) to about 707.45 billion average for the period (2010-2012), an increase valued at $ 246.63 billion borne by the Treasury and the Arab imports according to each individual country.
4. Total value of agricultural imports and food from around 51.47, 41.84 billion dollars as an average for the period (2005-2009) to about 83.37, 92.92 billion dollars as an average for the period (2010-2012), also increased the proportion of agricultural imports from about 81.3% during the first period to to 83.47% during the second period.
5. overall average of total Arab imports during the period reached 475.56 billion dollars, while the total value of intra-imports reached about 64.75 billion by accounting for about 12.7%, while completed about 87.27% of the total value of imports from outside the Arab countries.
So the study recommends the following:
1. change the laws and Arab legislation allowing the free movement of labor and capital and the implementation of economic agreements and trade.
2. Arabization of jobs in Arab countries and lay off foreign workers.
3. Production to be the Arab countries according to comparative advantage and not to select each state separately.
Publication year 2016
Pages 59 - 76
Availability location مكتبة معهد بحوث الاقتصاد الزراعي-7 ش نادى الصيد - مبنى الهيئات والشركات - الدقي- الجيزة (الدور الرابع)
Availability number
Organization Name
City القاهرة
serial title المؤتمر الرابع والعشرون للاقتصاديين الزراعيين
Author(s) from ARC
Agris Categories International trade
Publication Type Conference/Workshop