Effects of dietary nano-selenium supplementation on growth performance, antioxidative status, and immunity in broiler chickens under thermoneutral and high ambient temperature conditions

تأثير التغذية على النانو سلينيوم على الأداء الأنتاجى و حالة مضادات الأكسدة و المناعة فى دجاج التسمين فى ظل ظروف درجة حرارة معتدلة و العالية

Abstract: The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of nano-selenium on growth performance, anti oxidative status, and immune function in broiler chickens reared under thermoneutral (22± 1 °c) or high ambient temperature (35±1°C) conditions. Thirty-six broiler chicks at l5d old were randomly divided into 6 treatments in a 3x2 factorial design. The main factors included the dietary supplementation (basal diet without Se supplementation [control], basal diet with 0.3 mg of nanoelemental Se per kilogram of diet [nano-Se], and basal diet with 0.3 mg of sodium selenite per kilogram of diet [Sse]) and the ambient temperature challenge (22±1°C or 35±1°C). The birds were given the experimental diets from 15 to 30 d of age. High ambient temperature significantly depressed body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, breast muscle weight, and abdominal fat weight while feeding nano-Se clearly alleviated these negative effects of high ambient temperature. In addition, feeding nano-Se increased glutathione peroxidase mRNA expression in liver and alleviated the negative effects of high ambient temperature via reducing the malondialdehyde content in liver and breast muscle. Furthermore, feeding nano-Se increased mRNA expression of cytokine genes (interleukins 2 and 6) under both thermoneutral and high ambient temperature conditions. Under both thermoneutral and high-temperature conditions, broiler chickens fed nano-Se had higher Se and vitamin E concentrations in breast muscle than broiler chickens fed the control diet. In contrast, feeding Sse at the same dose as nano-Se did not alleviate the negative effects of high ambient temperature on broiler chickens. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with nano-Se at 0.3 mg/kg diet might enhance growth performance by improving anti oxidative or immune properties in broilers reared under high ambient temperature.
Keywords: antioxidative status, broiler chickens, growth performance, nano-selenium
Publication year 2016
Pages 6-20
Availability location معهد بحوث الانتاج الحيوانى- شارع نادى الصيد- دقى- جيزة
Availability number
Organization Name
serial title Journal of Poultry Science
Author(s) from ARC
External authors (outside ARC)
    طارق عبيد زراعة كفر الشيخ
    اكيرا اوتسكا جامعة كاجوشيما اليابانية
    اجبيير داشى جامعة كاجوشيما اليابانية
Agris Categories Animal feeding
Antioxidants. Broiler chickens. Growth. Growth control. Growth rate. Selenium.
Proposed Agrovoc antioxidative status;nano-selenium;
Publication Type Journal