Conference/Workshop      [Total: 33 ]

التجارة الداخلية الزراعية (السياسات – التحديات- محاور التنمية)

Khaled El-anany, Aly Aly, Hassan Beiom Smor, Ahmed Tolba al agamy, 2010

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التغيرات المناخية وأثرها على قطاع الزراعة في مصر

Fauzy El Shazly, Ebrahim Ganam, 2010

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رؤية اقتصادية لبعض قضايا التنمية الزراعية فى مصر

Omar Ahmed Bedr, Medhat Anepar, Asmaa Mahmoud, mounir A.sabaa, Samir Aram, Abd Elsttar ِAhmad Sheneshen, Ahmed Ahmed Elsady, 2009

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تدوير المخلفات الزراعية

Fauzy El Shazly, mohamed desoky, Samir Aram, Hassan Beiom Smor, NAGEH A.O.ISMAIL, Mostafa El Tembdoy, 2009

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An Economic Study on Water Allocation to Achieve Food Security in Egypt

Mohamed Sultan, Hammad Ahmed El-Said, Enas Abbas Mohammed SALEH, 2009

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ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The Egyptian Water Technology Association (EWTA). March 12-15, 2009. Published in Edition (3), ISBN: 978-911-482-7, Hurghada, Egypt. ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The economic exploitation of agricultural resources is one of the main goals of agricultural policy to achieve sustainable agricultural development. On the other hand, the method of linear programming is one of the most important mathematical techniques designed to distribute economic resources among alternative uses so as to achieve the optimal use. Accordingly, this study aims at characterizing the cropping patterns that maximizes the net return per feddan, minimizes water requirements and maximizes the net return per water unit for the cropping pattern of the year 2006. To accomplish the study main goals, three linear programming models were applied as a tool for economic planning. The main objectives of these scenarios are maximizing the total net revenues for the cropping pattern calculated, maximizing the total net revenues for the cropping pattern, minimizing water irrigation requirements, and maximizing the total net revenues for the cropping pattern in case of achieving higher self-sufficiency ratios for the major crops. The results of solving the linear programming models for the cropping pattern found out that the optimum combination of crops can be produced according to the third scenario, since it achieves an increase in the total net revenue for the cropping pattern of about 0.13%. Moreover, it saves about 4.28% of the water irrigation, as well as achieving greater return per unit of water resources of about 4,61% as compared to those achieved by the cropping pattern of the year 2006 in addition to achieving suitable self-sufficiency ratios of most major crops. ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


Alternative price proposals for floor price of Egyptian wheat “A preliminary analysis”

Shaban Mohamed, 2008

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The research talked four different models for estimating wheat prices for policy consideration. The results illustrated that the wheat floor price ranged between LE 217 and 267 per ardab. However, the selection of the pertinent approach to be used depends upon many factors surrounding the decision making framework.


Impacts of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) on International Agricultural Trade

Enas Abbas Mohammed SALEH, Aly Aly, 2006

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ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ • The 14th Conference of Economists on the Egyptian Agricultural Trade - Potentials and Determinants, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Cairo, Egypt, September 2017. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The GATT Uruguay Round negotiations resulted in the establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO was created to oversee the implementation of its agreements, facilitate further trade-liberalization discussions among member governments, and to administer the dispute settlement system. The negotiations also added a set of comprehensive trade agreements dealing with agriculture, including the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). The SPS Agreement establishes rules, which countries must observe when formulating, and adopting health measures that affect trade. It recognizes the right of governments to take phytosanitary measures, provided that these are necessary for the protection of plant health and are based on transparent and accepted scientific principles and evidences. The objective of SPS Agreement is to avoid unjustified restrictions on trade. This is consistent with the long-standing objectives of the IPPC concerning plant health requirements aimed at preventing the spread of plant pests by the international trade. In addition, the SPS Agreement gives the IPPC a significant chance to collaborate with the WTO and member governments to promote the development and use of international standards for phytosanitary measures, exchange official information, provide technical expertise and seek advice for both of the WTO and the individual member governments. Governments intervene in agricultural trade by means of direct and indirect instruments with various objectives, the most common being to raise tax revenue, to support producers' inputs, to reduce consumers' food costs and to counter the interventions of other countries. Direct protection instruments affect commodities as they enter international trade either as imports or as exports. The most common ones are tariffs, import and export quotas and export taxes and subsidies. Sanitary and phytosanitary restrictions applied to imports are not trade measures but can easily be turned into them. They have been increasingly used with the deliberate purpose of shielding domestic producers from international competition. It is not rare that nations introduce such restrictions not to prevent health hazards on the basis of scientific evidence but in response to public activism from interested parties. The purpose of the SPS Agreement is to ensure that measures established by governments to protect human, animal and plant life and health are consistent with obligations prohibiting arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination on trade between countries where the same conditions prevail. Also, such measures shall not be applied in a manner that would constitute a disguised restriction on international trade. It requires that, WTO members base their national measures on international standards, guidelines and other recommendations adopted by the Codex Alimentations Commission (CAC) for food safety measures, measures should be based on those standards adopted and recommended by the International Office of Epizootics (OIE) for animal life and health measures, and the standards and recommendations of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) for plant life and health measures. The Agreement also allows for countries to adopt stricter. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


أثر استخدام التكنولوجيا على صادرات بعض الحاصلات البستانية المصرية إلى دول الاتحاد الأوروبى

safaa wahba, Alice Farag, 2005

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The Impact of Technology in Increasing Maize Production reducing Wheat Gap

mohamed desoky, 2005

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The objectives of the study is to investigate the reasons behind reduction in maize cultivated area, and to explore the possibilities of defusing new technologies in agriculture that help in reducing the gab between wheat production and consumption in Egypt. The study has used Harry w. Ayer and Edward Schuh model for measuring the shift in the supply curve of maize. Data were collected by the rapid rural Appraisal technique. The main results indicated that Minia governorate has the largest cultivated area with maize followed by Menofia , Sharkia , Behira and Suhage ,respectively , with the following percentages : 15.04% , 13%, 11.42%, 7.83% and 6.96%of total area . Varieties 310 hybrid followed by 321 hybrid has caused the largest movement in supply function to the right, receptivity. The profit measured as a return per pound for each of Maize, Groundnut, sesame and rice was 0.97,0.84,0.56 and 0.55 respectivety. When the varieties are orderd descendingly with respect to yield, the Single 123 come first and Balady came last. Balady is the main variety planted in Bany Sweef. An RRA was conducted in this Governorates to study the reasons behind its plantation despite its low productivity.


بعض التحديات التى توجه السياسة الزراعية المصرية وسبل تخطيها

Alice Farag, 2005

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