Journal      [Total: 115 ]

The Effect of Reducing the Rice Area on Farmers’ Income in the A.R.E.

Salah Abd El-Mohsen, Wael Azat El-Abed, Amin Eldokla, Mohammed Husein Khalifa, Radwan Abas Amar, Howida Hassan Mohamed, Rasha Ahmed Farag, Amal Eid Elseheme, 2020


________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Department of Economic Analysis for Agricultural Commodities, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), April 2020. ________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Competitiveness of the Egyptian Onion in the Most important Foreign Markets

Hanaa Abd El latef, Isabil Zakhary, Wael Azat El-Abed, Amal Eid Elseheme, 2020


________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Department of Economic Analysis for Agricultural Commodities, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC),ِ April 2020. ________________________________________________________________________________________________

Study of the economic analysis of the value chain of fattening poultry in Gharbia Governorate

Hanaa Abd El latef, Wael Azat El-Abed, Salah Abd El-Mohsen, Amin Eldokla, Howida Hassan Mohamed, 2020


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Department of Economic Analysis for Agricultural Commodities, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), July 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________

An Economic Analysis for Production of Sugar Beet and Sugar Cane Crops in Egypt

Ahmed Shebl, 2020


ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ • Mansoura Journal of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Mansoura University, Vol.(11), No.(11), Mansoura, Egypt, February 2020. ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The research aimed primarily at econometric analysis of the changes in the most important factors that are supposed to affect the production of both sugar cane and sugar beet crops in Egypt. Among the most important results reached are: First: The sugar beet crop: - The compound by the current values farm price was characterized that it achieves a measure of stability, Where the instability coefficient was estimated during the period (2001-2017) about 6.45, while the instability coefficient of the cultivated area reached about 9.9, this led to a rise in the economic instability coefficientfor the production of sugar beet crop during the study period,it was about 9.25, the study also showed that the instability of the area planted with sugar beet is due to it about 98% of the economic instability to produce the beet crop, therefore, a 10% change in the instability factor of the cultivated area Lead to a change in the economic instability coefficient of the sugar beet crop production by about 11%, the results also showed a positive relationship between the area of the crop desired to be cultivated in the current year and each of the area of the crop in the previous year. Second: The sugar cane crop: - The instability coefficients were about 3.16, 0.4, 0.8, for each of the compound by the real values farm price, the cultivated area, and Feddan productivity respectively,which led to the economic stability for sugar cane production, which amounted to about 1.3, during the study period. The results indicated that the changes in the instability factors for the cultivated area and Feddan productivity, explain about 50% of the economic stability of the production of sugar cane, and a 10% change in these variables leads to a change in the economic stability of sugar cane production at about 2.3%, 5.4%, respectively, in the same direction and at about 7.7% for the total effect of the two mentioned variables. ________________________________________________________________________________________________

An Analytical Economic Study of Land Reclamation A Case Study of the "Bani Sweif Governorate"

Ali Mohamed, Mahmoud Abd El Haleem, Essam Yousif, Hanan Mostafa, Amal Saleh, 2020


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Department of The Land and Water Economics Research, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), April 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________

Economic efficiency of potato crop production in the new lands (Case study in Giza govern orate)

Sanaa Mohamed Sadek, Eman El-Batran, 2020


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Vol.(65), No.(1), February 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The potato crop is an important agricultural commodity domestically,both for consumption and at the national level for export. it is considered an important source of national agricultural income. Egypt ranks the sixth among potato exproters ,with an average export value of about 7.209 billion pounds during the period (2013- 2018), thus can be relied upon to save part of the foreign exchange. The problem of research focused on the decline in the area of the potato crop in the agricultural seasons new lands of Giza Governorate, especially the Nile season, which represents about 42.67% of the total area of the new lands in the Republic. Especially in view of the high production costs of the new lands of the potato crop as a result of the high production prices requirements,particularly those of prices of summer season seeds imported from abroad, increased of seeds to be grown in the new lands that make farmers reluctant to grow potato crop. So the research was aimed to examine the production situation of the potato crop in the new lands of Giza governorate, as a case study,given that giza governorate is one of the areas classified by the reports of the "Potato Brown Rot Project"it is free from infection with bacteria that causes brown rot. So it can measure the productions and costs functions of the potato corp and estimate the derivatives that benefit to know for determining unit cost of production and determining efficiency in the use of productive resources. The results :(1) Results showed that most potato farmers are in the initial phase of production function in short run, where the elasticity of production functions is about 1.23, 1.407, and 1.03 for the agricultural seasons of the potato crop.(2)The cost elasticity amounted to about 0.81, 0.64 and 0.95 meaning the production of potatoes in the seasons it takes place in the phase of increasing returns to scale.(3)The price elasticity seasons reached about 0.208, 0.130, 0.443 in the short run at prevailing market prices, so that means the supply response of potatoes crop non-resilient. While the price elasticity in the long run period amounted to 2.4, 1.2, and 2.0, the potatoes crop is flexible for price changes. Research recommends: 1. The production elements available for the crop should be remixed so as to optimize the use of the elements and achieve economic efficiency. 2. Elicitation of new varieties at the horticultural research institute to produce special local varieties for the summer season to bring a balance in price and expansion of tissue culture to increase production and diversify sources of seed production. 3. Encouragement potato farmers to use chemical analysis of the soil to identify optimal quantities of various fertilizers. _______________________________________________________________________________________________

Analytical study of Egyptian agricultural exports of strawberries and grapes to world markets

Doaa Mohamed Morsy, Manal Elkheshin, Doaa Abdelsalam Ismail, 2020


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Department of Regional Research and Studies, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), June 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________

An economic study of the most important reality directed at vertical and horizontal development programs in Egypt

Ahmed Abdul Qadir, 2019


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics. Vol.(29), No.(1), Cairo, Egypt, March 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ It is clear from the research that the value of the investments implemented directed to the agricultural economic development programs vertical tops the top in terms of the total value of investments implemented directed to agricultural development programs representabout 63.5 during the period studied, while the second rank comes in valuable The directed investments directed to agricultural economic development programs are equal to the total value of the investments directed to agricultural development programs representing about 36.5 during the period under study. The results of horizontal agricultural development indicated that the total investment sought in the horizontal agricultural economic development program at the level of the Arab Egypt is almost constant due to its statistically unstable, as in terms of the development anchored, the results of the estimation of equations The general time trend of the program of clearing waterways, ploughing areas under the soil, and the addition of agricultural gypsum to the addition of a general trend decreased annually and morally statistically amounted to about thousand acres, and with an annual decrease of about 10.71, 11.21, 10 each respectively As for the settlement program. Increased investments directed to agricultural development programs due to fluctuating investments directed to horizontal and vertical agricultural development programs compared to its impact on GDP, exports, imports and employment. 2- Develop an economic policy to attract foreign investment, direct foreign loans to infrastructure and high-yield investments and do not enter these loans into consumer spending. 3- The Hard-Domar model showed that the rate of investment needed to reach a growth rate of 7 in GDP must represent approximately 20 of GDP, at least 20 of the total GDP must be provided to reach this rate. _______________________________________________________________________________________________

Analytical study of the efficiency of direct foreign agricultural investment of some Arab countries in North Africa

Salah Abd El-Mohsen, Rasha Ahmed Farag, 2019


________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Vol. (29), No. (1), March 2019. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Arab agricultural investments are considered to be the most important tools to help Arab economic growth and integration in the light of scientific and knowledge development in various fields. Investment is a source for the transfer of advanced technological capabilities or organizational, managerial, marketing and other important inputs among the Arab countries. The research aims to study the efficiency of agricultural investments of Arab countries in North Africa. The most important results of the study: - It was found that the increase of agricultural investment by 1% leads to an increase in AGDP by 0.42%. This relationship was statistically significant, which confirms the strength of the relationship. - The results of the study show that the agricultural investments of the Arab countries in North Africa increased from about 3.3 billion dollars in 2000 to about 13.3 billion dollars in 2017 by about 303% during the study period. - The investment rate for each country in North Africa shows the efficiency of agricultural investment in all countries. The investment rate for Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Sudan is 0.11, 0.18, 0.14, 0.28 and 0.52, respectively. - The results of the analysis of the standard model of factors affecting the determinants of Arab-African investment showed that the value of Arab African agricultural investments is inversely proportional to the size of agricultural employment, The decline in the volume of agricultural employment is due to the expansion of the use of technology in the agricultural sector. - The results of the model showed that investments were adversely affected and reversed during periods of revolutions (Political instability), While the increase in investments was shown after the division of Sudan due to the opening of new markets and thus the expansion of agricultural investments. Recommendation: - Arab countries should increase Arab-African investments in the agricultural sector and work on the use of modern technology to reduce operating costs and increase production. - Preparing investment maps for the agricultural sector of the Arab countries in North Africa, providing a database and information systems for investors and coordinating them to avoid competition in this sector. ________________________________________________________________________________________________

A Technical and Economic Study for The Effect of Irrigation Water Scheduling on Cotton Yield Productivity

Ibrahim Abrahim, Howida Hassan Mohamed, Amal Saleh, 2019


_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Nature and Science; Vol. (17), No.(11), 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ To find out the impact of different scenarios of irrigation scheduling i.e. when to irrigate and how much water should be applied using the CropWat computer model which reflects the response of yield to water, particularly under the water deficit status. The aim of the present work was to improve the productivity of each unit of water and land for cotton crop (Gossypium barbadence L) in Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, which represents the circumstances and conditions of North Nile Delta region. That governorate has the largest cotton cultivated acreage in Egypt. So, in this regard, twenty different scenarios of irrigation scheduling were tested using CropWat model during the two successive cotton growing seasons of 2016 and 2017. Four different irrigation intervals of 8, 12, 16 and 20 days were the selected intervals, while 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 mm were the net applied irrigation water under each investigated irrigation timing. Therefore, by using CropWat model in evaluating the impact of different scenarios of irrigation scheduling on the economic return of water and land in North Nile Delta region, following are the main findings: (1) Ripening growth stage or said the last season stage is the most sensitive stage regarding water deficit, increasing water applied and/or shortening the irrigation interval during the second half of the growing cotton season becomes recommended. (2) Under each irrigation interval, reduction in percentages of , CWP and economic return of water unit are decreased with increasing net irrigation. On the other hand, cotton yield and net revenue are increased. (3) By elongating irrigation interval from 8, 12, 16 and 20 days under each net irrigation, percentage reduction in Et and cotton yield, CWP but return of water unit are increased. (4) Further studies using CropWat computer model should be done to find out the impact of different scenarios of irrigation scheduling on crop water productivity for different crops. ________________________________________________________________________________________________