The Current and Prospective Status of Agricultural and Food Processing with Association to Food Security

Abstract: _______________________________________________________________________________________________
• M. Sc. : Department of Economics and Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, 2021.
Agricultural industries are one of the important and vital solutions to protect agricultural production and agriculture from fluctuations in production and increased demand at a certain time leading to damage to both the product or farms as a result of the low prices resulting from increased supply or lack or decline in demand, as the research problem in agricultural manufacturing has all to do with the inputs and outputs of agricultural production, and therefore represents the most important pillars of investment in the agricultural sector, but investment in it differs from the rest of agricultural investment in the high degree of risk due to the fact that Its inputs are exposed to many risky variables such as weather fluctuations, production labels and rapid product damage
The study was mainly aimed at planning agricultural production policy and agricultural manufacturing policies to ensure their integration through the current position of the most important agricultural industries associated with both the inputs and outputs of the agricultural sector and determining the future position of these industries under national agricultural projects. 2- Studying the elements of the Egyptian food balance and identifying the most important goods in it and the energies achieved for it and the possibility of increasing them as well as the marketing services necessary to achieve it.

The study relied on the methods of descriptive and inference analysis in achieving the objectives of the study and the general trend equations were used to measure growth rates and forecasting, and the use of published and unpublished secondary bulletins from the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics and bulletins of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, research and studies related to the subject of the study.
The study consists of the entrance to the study and five chapters, and the entrance to the study deals with both the introduction, the research problem, the objectives of the study, the research method, data sources and the reference review of previous studies and research.
The study found the results:
- The annual growth rate of the number of animal units producing dairy from cows and buffalo decreased by about 0.6%, decreased the area of green feed and production by about 2.9, 2.1% respectively, and decreased the growth rate of the average share of the dairy-producing animal unit from the area and production of green feed at a rate of About 2.3, 2.1% respectively, the growth rate of the feed needs of animal units decreased from concentrated feed 0.6% per annum, which led to a decrease in dairy production from exporters at an annual growth rate of about 0.9%, which is equivalent to about 49 thousand tons Annually.

-The annual growth rate of the actual production capacity of the manufacture of white cheese, municipal amnesties and yogurt increased at a rate of about 13.3%, 17.3%, 7.8% respectively, and the annual growth rate of average value per ton for dairy products of white cheese, dry cheese, yogurt, municipal amuse and pasteurized yogurt at a growth rate of about 5%, 6%, 7%, 9%, 8% respectively.

-Average wheat production increased by about 8,506,000 tons and with a growth rate of about 1.2%,(2) the growth rate of wheat imports increased by about 7%, as well as the average wheat consumption increased by about 16,570 thousand tons at a growth rate of about 4%, the decline of individual consumption about 145 kg/year at a growth rate of about 2.5%, this is evidence of the success of the bread organizer, the growth rate of fine flour increased by 72%, biscuits and pasta about 9%, 1.23%, 5.3% each respectively and municipal flour averaged about 4880 thousand tons and represented about 57% of the average wheat production.

-The growth rate for the production of sugar crops increased by about 3%, and the annual average production of sugar cane and sugar beet was estimated at about 16.4, 7.5 million tons each respectively, and the annual average sugar production was about 1952 thousand tons, the average annual production of oil crops was about 527 thousand tons, and the average production of oils and industrial amuse was estimated at about 331 thousand tons and represented about 63% of the average production of oil crops.

-The annual average production of fresh vegetables, sauce making, frozen vegetables and preserved vegetables was about 14,626, 111,160,52,000 tons each, respectively, the annual average consumption of frozen and preserved sauces and vegetables was about 49.79.40 thousand tons each respectively, while for the average annual per capita consumption was about 0.64, 0.9, 0.51 kg/year each respectively. The growth rate for fresh fruit production increased by about 2.7%, and the annual average for the breeder and juice industry was about 39,231,000 tons each, respectively.

- The annual average production of red meat was about 925,000 tons, the average annual production of processed meat products was estimated at about 87,000 tons and represented about 9.4% of total red meat production, the growth rate for red meat consumption increased by about 2%, and the growth rate for the production of fresh fish and smoked fish increased by about 6%, 8.4% each respectively.

-The growth rate of the total value of industrial production at the public and private sector levels increased by about 8.3%, and the total production value of manufacturing industries amounted to about 9.5%, the average annual value added of agricultural and non-agricultural manufacturing industries at the public sector level was about EGP 6.61 billion each, respectively, while the average for the private sector was about 83.109 billion pounds each, respectively.

- The average number of workers in agricultural and non-agricultural manufacturing for the public sector was about 123,143,000, respectively, while for the private sector the average was about 385,348,000 workers respectively.

- The average production value of agricultural manufacturing divisions, namely food products, tobacco, textiles, leather, timber and paper for the public sector, was about 10.5-5.8-2.5-0.68-0.29 billion pounds each, respectively, while the private sector was about 17.8-0.13-6-0.12-2.3 billion pounds respectively, as well as the average value of the value The public sector added 2.3-5.8-2.5-0.068-0.29 billion pounds respectively, while the private sector was about 17.8-0.13-6-0.12-2.3 billion pounds on the order, the average number of employees of the agricultural manufacturing departments of the public sector was 38, 12 and 69. The private sector accounted for about 194, 3.5, 16, 4.6 and 22,000 workers, respectively.
Publication year 2021
Pages 1 - 176
Availability location مكتبة معهد بحوث الاقتصاد الزراعي-7 ش نادى الصيد - مبنى الهيئات والشركات - الدقي- الجيزة (الدور الرابع)
Availability number
Organization Name
Country Egypt
Publisher Name: قسم الاقتصاد وإدارة الأعمال الزراعية ، كلية الزراعة ، جامعة الإسكندرية
Place: الإسكندرية
Author(s) from ARC
Publication Type Master Thesis