Economic Efficiency for Using Agricultural Lands (Case Study in Menoufia Governorate)

Abstract: ________________________________________________________________________________________________
• M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, El Monofia University, 2019.
Nowadays, food security problem has become increasingly acute. In light of the current inefficient use of agricultural resources and the deterioration of fertile agricultural land including high ground water level resulting a loss in agricultural production due to the deterioration of productivity of land areas resources. Thus, it is important to study agricultural land resources concerning the determinants of land use in agricultural sector and measuring the economic and productivity efficiencies. However, the study aims to determine the current state of efficiency for land resource utilization in Menofiya governorate districts via estimating the foregone production due to low productive efficiency. In other words, the importance of this study is to shed light on the levels of agricultural production that were accessible if land resources were optimally employed.
The study relied on a number of sources in data collection. It employed published and unpublished secondary data collected from periodic publications, records and statistics. Including, the Agricultural Statistics Bulletin issued by Economic Affairs Sector - Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and Statistical Yearbook issued by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics. However, descriptive and quantitative statistical analyses were used in this study.

The first Chapter discusses the theoretical framework, while the second Chapter is devoted to review of literature. While the third Chapter deals with the relative importance of cultivated crops (cropping pattern) in Menoufia governorate. However, maize and wheat are ranked the first all over summer and winter harvested crops with an average area of about 191620 feddan and 130540 respectively during the period 2014-2017. It is worth mentioning that maize average planted area in Menoufia governorate during the period 2008/20017 is estimated at about 275.4 thousand feddan ranged between a minimum of 158.9 thousand feddan in 2013, and a maximum of about 584 thousand feddan in 2012. Ashmoun planted maize area comes the first reaching an average about 46.3 thousand feddan, next come Monouf (39 thousand Feddan), Tala (30 thousand Feddan), Qweisna (28.3 thousand Feddan). Then, Shebin El Qoum, El Bagoor, El Shohada, Berket El Sabaa and El Sadat accounted 25.5, 24, 23.6,18 and 8.1 thousand feddan respectively.
In Menoufia governorate, maize production during the same period reached about 5.53 Million Ardab, with a minimum of about 3.13 Million Ardab in 2013, and a maximum about 7.28 Million Ardab in 2008. Where, Ashmoun district is ranked the first accounting average production 1.14 million Ardab, then comes Menouf (0.9 million Ardab), followed by Tala (0.69 million Ardab), Qweisna (0.65 million Ardab), Shebin El Qoum (0.59 million Ardab), El Shohada (0.57 million Ardab), El Bagoor (0.51 million Ardab), Berket El Sabaa (0.41 million Ardab), and El Sadat (0.19 million Ardab).
Wheat cropland during the period 2008-2017 showed that the average area cultivated all over Monofiya governorate reached 124 thousand feddans. However, Ashmoun district is ranked the first reaching about 20 thousand feddans. Then comes Menof (17.5 thousand feddan), followed by Tala (16.9 thousand feddan), Qweisna and Shebin El Qoum (15 thousand feddan each), El Bagoor, Berket El Sabaa and El Shohada (12 thousand feddan each on average) and El Sadat (4.3 thousand feddan).
Wheat production during the same period reached about 2547 thousand Ardab (on average), with a minimum of about 90 thousand Ardab in 2010, and a maximum about 3110 thousand Ardab in 2013. Where, Ashmoun district is ranked the first accounting average production 413 thousand Ardab, then comes Menouf (349 thousand Ardab), followed by Tala (342 thousand Ardab), Shebin El Qoum (315 thousand Ardab) Qweisna (305 thousand Ardab), El Bagoor (273 thousand Ardab), Berket El Sabaa (234 million Ardab), El Shohada (227 thousand Ardab) and El Sadat (86 thousand Ardab).
Technical efficiency results for wheat production all over Menoufia governorate estimated 94% (on average) during the period (2007-2008/ 2017-2018) where the lowest achieved by Ashmoun district (86%) and the highest by El Sadat district (98%). In general, this high levels of technical efficiency is presumably due to the high quality and fertility of Menofiyan agricultural land that is considered one of the most important agricultural provinces of the Republic. Such result indicates that wheat production can be increased by 6% employing the same amount of production factors. Maize results recorded an estimated average of about 72% where the lowest achieved by Tala district (72%) and the highest by El Sadat district (95%) indicating that maize production can be increased by 28% employing the same amount of factors of production.
Publication year 2019
Availability location مكتبة معهد بحوث الاقتصاد الزراعي-7 ش نادى الصيد - مبنى الهيئات والشركات - الدقي- الجيزة (الدور الرابع)
Availability number
Organization Name
Country Egypt
Publisher Name: كلية الزراعة - جامعة المنوفية
Place: المنوفية - مصر
Author(s) from ARC
Publication Type Master Thesis