Conference/Workshop      [Total: 3407 ]

Economics for Vegetable Oil Industry and its Effects on Food Security in Egypt

Rehab Hashem Awad, Mahmoud Wahba, Doaa Mohamed Morsy, 2019

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ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ • The 54th Annual Conference of Statistics, Computer Science and Operations Research, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI), Giza, Egypt, 11-9 December 2012. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ Economics for Vegetable Oil Industry and its Effects on Food Security in Egypt It was found that soybean and sunflower yields are stable as their farmers do not get high revenues such as other crops competing for the area such as maize, whether white or yellow, and vegetable crops such as tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, etc., and this is probably why some farmers are reluctant to grow it besides poor productivity Their yields are about 1.4 and 1.04, respectively, for soybean and abed el-Shams crops, as they did not achieve high profits compared to other crops competing for the unit area. Some indicators of the productive and economic efficiency of oil producing plants were estimated. Egypt, due to the lack of sufficient data and difficulty in obtaining it, has been estimated the rate of return on cost and net worth of revenues, where the results showed that the average number of oil-producing enterprises about 27 units of oil production, and the average number of workers by about 139943 workers, while the ratio of return to costs about 114.5% means that each pound will invest in this area to achieve a return of about 114.5 pounds, the net present value is estimated at 404974.7 pounds for the average period 2010-2017. It was found that the average available production capacity is estimated at 2600358.67 million pounds, and the actual production is estimated at 1938334 million pounds, representing about 80.5 of the available capacity, where the idle capacity reached about 662024.7 million pounds, representing about 26.03% of the available energy for the average period 2015-2017. There are some factories are still operating at half of their production capacity and did not achieve the actual production required of them, where some companies resorted to esters of crude oil, manufacturing and refining because of the cheap price in addition to providing labor and saving their salaries. The results of the estimated model now predict that the expected values of the variables of the model are (quantity produced oils, average per capita oil consumption per capita ?2, volume of imports ?3, during the period (2020-2025), as it is expected that the volume of total production Of oil from about 2755.4 thousand tons in 2020 to about 2908.0 thousand tons in 2025 with a growth rate of about 15.3%, while the average per capita consumption of oil is expected to increase from about 14.7 kg In 2020, the national consumption increased from 1458.5 million tons in 2020 to about 1665.2 million tons in 2025. Recommendations 1 - appropriate pricing policies should be developed to contribute to increases in oil production rates. 4. Providing support from the government to producers of oil crops to encourage them to grow these crops of economic importance. 5 - Development of new varieties with high oil recovery rates. 6- Encouraging investors to establish production units for oil extraction. 8. Develop a policy and legislation to impose contract farming on farmers and motivate them to cultivate these crops, and put the mechanism for implementation and circulation to all regions of the Republic.


Rice Cultivation in Egypt "Some Indicators and Economic & Social Considerations for Rice Production in Egypt"

Mounir Abdalal Sabaa, 2018

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Distributed Single Pass Clustering Algorithm Based on MapReduce

Abd Elrahman Mohamed, 2018

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Available data increase quickly every moment, this eventually drags to big data flooding. Hence there is an emergent need for exploiting big data in order to extract valuable knowledge from it. Adoption of distributed architecture and data intensive algorithms facilitates handling and processing big data. This paper introduces a distributed single pass clustering algorithm based on MapReduce in order to reduce running time of processing big data. Also, it introduces median based single pass clustering in order to mitigate the order of the input data problem that is associated with single pass clustering. Furthermore, it introduces a new hybrid approach which integrates median based single pass clustering and k-means algorithm. The proposed integration improves the median based clustering to work well with sparse data such as text.


An Analytical Study Of the Markting Tomatoes and Ptatoes in the Summer Qaliubiya Governorate.

Ashraf Abbas Nasser, Doaa Mohamed Morsy, 2016

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ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ • The 24th Conference of Agricultural Economists, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Cairo, Egypt, 9-10 November 2016. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ The research was mainly to study the current situation of the economics of marketing crops of tomatoes, potatoes, summer-producing province of Qaliubiya through the study of the production and marketing activity for the two crops subject of study, has represented the research problem in the presence of many of the problems and obstacles that limit the efficiency of the marketing system for tomatoes and potatoes in Egypt in general, Qalubia in particular, the research was in its statements on the first adopted exporters was the primary data, secondary data from published and unpublished from various sources. Among the most important findings of the study: - - As can be seen from the study of marketing problems faced by the farmers that the problem of the monopoly of traders in the summer tomato harvest come to the fore and answered so about %100 compared to 93.33% for summer potatoes, followed in importance low price at a rate of approximately 83.33% for summer tomatoes for about 83% of the potato summer, while decreased in delays in obtaining price and answered so about 43.33% for summer tomatoes for about 53% of the potato summer of the total number of respondents, a sample of the field study. - The results of the economic efficiency of performance indicators for crop production tomatoes and summer potatoes and indicate that net feddan yield was about 4.01 thousand pounds for summer tomatoes for about 9.56 thousand pounds in the summer of potatoes, as benefits costs accounted for about 1.32 Summer tomatoes for about 1.66 Summer potato which shows how profitability of the production of the project and its economic feasibility. - The elasticity of demand for tomatoes and potatoes in transit market indicate that increase the wholesale price of 10% decreases the quantity sold increased by 1.9%, 0.8%, which indicates a decrease in elasticity of demand for tomatoes and potatoes in the market, where it is necessary goods that are essential to about her. - As shown by the marketing efficiency it amounted to about 28.30% of the tomatoes for about 25.54% of the Potato, which means lower marketing efficiency, which means that marketing distinctions earned by brokers during the marketing stages are not commensurate with the marketing services provided. It is therefore recommended research in light of the research findings, including the following: - The need to work to do the marketing of the crop through the work contracts in order to ensure an appropriate price to farmers and economic return rewarding them, and encourage them to expand agriculture. - The need to encourage agricultural cooperatives to create an effective role in the production and marketing of crops in the governorate. - Work to increase the product of pounds per consumer by reducing marketing costs and profits of intermediaries. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


An Economic Study of The Reality of The Arab Food Security and Intra-OIC Trade in The Light of The Economic and Trade Agreements

Manal Khattab Ebrahem, Doaa Mohamed Morsy, 2016

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ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ • The 24th Conference of Agricultural Economists, Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Cairo, Egypt, 9-10 November 2016. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ Comes issue of food security a top priority for decision-makers Political Arab countries due to the correlation of life with food Despite the fact that the Arab countries have the human resources, land, and water, which, if properly exploited to achieve food security and self-sufficiency and has been the reduction of the food gap, but the Arab countries working alone and did not invest trade agreements signed between them and aimed to revitalize bilateral trade and production to be in accordance with comparative advantage of each State shall not be random decisions. And it has been conducting these economic study in order to identify the reality of Food Security Arab and intra-regional trade in light of the economic agreements and trade, and to complete the study used published secondary data and unpublished and included research method using both descriptive analysis and appropriate quantitative for those types of data which contributed to draw conclusions, which check for research purposes. The most important findings and recommendations: 1. There is a gap between the production and consumption of Arab food estimated at 155.56 million tons, the order represents 61.54% of the total production during the (2010-2012) 2. decreased the proportion of self-sufficiency of raw sugar and vegetable oils, grains and flour and wheat to reach about 27%, 41.6%, 43.3%, 46.4%, 48.8% in 2012 3. The total value of imports rose for the Arab States of about 460.82 billion average for the period (2005-2009) to about 707.45 billion average for the period (2010-2012), an increase valued at $ 246.63 billion borne by the Treasury and the Arab imports according to each individual country. 4. Total value of agricultural imports and food from around 51.47, 41.84 billion dollars as an average for the period (2005-2009) to about 83.37, 92.92 billion dollars as an average for the period (2010-2012), also increased the proportion of agricultural imports from about 81.3% during the first period to to 83.47% during the second period. 5. overall average of total Arab imports during the period reached 475.56 billion dollars, while the total value of intra-imports reached about 64.75 billion by accounting for about 12.7%, while completed about 87.27% of the total value of imports from outside the Arab countries. So the study recommends the following: 1. change the laws and Arab legislation allowing the free movement of labor and capital and the implementation of economic agreements and trade. 2. Arabization of jobs in Arab countries and lay off foreign workers. 3. Production to be the Arab countries according to comparative advantage and not to select each state separately. ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


مفاتيح تعريف وتقسيم الحشائش المنتشرة بالمحاصيل الحقلية والبستانية والخضر تحت الظروف المصرية

Mohammed Mekky, 2015

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مفاتيح تعريف بذور الحشائش في المستوردات النباتية

Ahmed-Sadek Kholosy, Mohammed Mekky, 2015

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Seeds: Mature seeds are usually not yet present on a plant that bears the flowers necessary for identification. However, in some genera like Mentzelia and Epilobium seed characters may actually be used as categories in the key. In such cases seeds may be obtained from more mature individuals or even from fruits of the pereding year. The various seed Testing Laboratories have developed a technique whereby they can identify the seeds and small fruits of common weeds when they come in as contaminate in crop seeds, but, here the actual possibilities are limited of course. Many different kinds of seed are sold to farmers and homeowners each year. So, most be assured of getting correct of seed, it is important to be able to identify the seed needed. Also, if a mixure of seed is present, it is important to be able to determine if weed seed are mixure. Some seeds of these weeds are poisonous to human and animals. Seeds have different characteristics, some seeds are long, short, flat, round or three cornered while others are smooth or rough and seed weeds have solid color, two-toned or multi-colored Seeds vary in different ways, the commonest ones listed below: - 1 – Size: - The coconut has a very large seed, the orchid a very small one. 2 – Hairs: - Some seeds bear hairs such as in Epilobium (fireweed) and Asclepias (milkweed), these functions in aiding the distribution of these objects by wind. 3 – Wings: - Some seeds as well as some fruit have wings, like those borne by some species of Mentzelia (stickleaf); these may be used in classification. 4 – Shape: - The typical shape is round or oval, but, seeds may vary widely in this respect. 5 – Color: - Seeds may vary strikingly in color, but, sometimes the difference may be so subtle that it can be perceived only by trained eyes like those of an expert seed analyst. An example of a conspicuous color is found in a species of Sophora (coral bean) which has a bright scarlet seed. 6 – Surface markings: - Seeds may have very elaborate and striking designs and surface sculpturings, these often taking the form of raised or indented tracery. 7 – Hilum and raphe: - The scar where the seed broke away from the fruit (hilum) and the ridge that appears adjacent to it (raphe) often vary in shape, prominence, position


Genetic and Phenotypic Characterization of African Goat Populations to Prioritize Conservation and Production Efforts for Small-holder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

ahmed El-Beltagi, 2014

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Food production systems in Africa depend heavily on the use of locally adapted animals. Goats are critical to small-holder farmers being easier to acquire, maintain, and act as scavengers in sparse pasture. Indigenous goats have undergone generations of adaptation and genetic isolation that have led to great phenotypic variation. These indigenous goats serve as a genetic reservoir for the identification of genes important to environmental adaptation, disease resistance, and improved productivity under local conditions. The immediate goal is to characterize African goat populations to prioritize conservation and production efforts and to develop genomic tools for use in selective breeding programs. We have established a standardized phenotypic scoring system to characterize goats including geographical information data, body measurements, photo characterization, and DNA. To date, 2,443 goats from 12 countries, representing 46 breeds have been sampled. Using the 50K goat beadchip, we report parameters of population structure of 620 African goats. Keywords: goat; genetics; Africa; population structure


Effect of natural additives (Bee pollen) on immunity and productive performances in rabbits. 3- Evaluation of high levels on growth performance, blood profile and carcass characteristics in rabbit males

Khaled Zedan, Battaa El-Neney, 2014

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the supplementation of bee pollen on growth performance, digestible energy intakes, digestibility, some blood parameters, carcass characteristics, caecal microbial activity and economical efficiency of growing rabbits. One hundred and twenty New Zealand White (NZW) male rabbits aged 35 days were divided and assigned randomly into 4 groups of 30 rabbits each with an average live body weight of 632 g ± 3.69. First group was kept without any treatment (control: BP0). Second (BP1), third(BP2) and fourth (BP3) groups were orally administrated by bee pollen (BP) suspension contains 500, 600 and 700 mg BP/kg body weight daily through the experimental period from 35-98 days of age. The results show that the growing rabbits supplemented with bee pollen caused significant (P≤0.05) increase in final body weight and daily weight gain and decrease in feed intake (DM and DCP) and improved in feed conversion compared with untreated group. There were significant improvement on digestibility coefficient and nutritive values of growing rabbits with BP. Also, significant increases in dressing percentage and weight of carcass, kidney, spleen, color intensity and tenderness were recorded due to increased BP, while, abdominal fat and pH meat were decreased. Also, the spleen and thymus weight and indexes were increased for all groups fed BP compared with the control group. The lowest value of pH (5.68), lowest count of E.coli (550.14 x102 CFU), anaerobic bacteria (4.54x106 CFU) and Clostridium spp. (3.85 CFU/g caecal digesta) were recorded with rabbits fed BP3. The immunity responsiveness represented in leukocytes counts, mainly on lymphocytes and immunoglobulin (IgG and IgM) concentration increased significantly with increasing BP. The BP3 showed higher values of economical efficiency compared to other groups. It was concluded that supplementing growing male rabbits with BP levels (500, 600 and 700 mg /kg BW) improve growth performance, digestibility coefficient and nutritive values, hematological and blood biochemical variables. Key words: Bee pollen, rabbits, performance, immune response, bacterial count, digestibility, blood parameters.


Effect of dietary supplementation of propionic and butyric acids on performance, nutrients digestibility and health of broiler chicks

Kout El-Kloub Mostafa, Riry Shata, 2014

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This study was conducted to compare effect of feeding deferent types and levels of organic acids being Propionic (0.25, 0.5and1.0% PA) and Butyric Acids (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3% BA). A total number of 189 one d-old Arbor-Acres broiler chicks were randomly divided into 7 treatment groups, each in three replicates of 9 chicks per replicate. The experiment was lasted when chicks were 42 d old. Performance, pH of some gastrointestinal tract (GI-tract) segments, organ morphology, cecal bacteria, blood metabolites, nutrients digestibility and carcass characteristics were measured. Results indicated that tested organic acids improved performance of broiler chicks measured as body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. European Production Efficiency Index (EPEI) significantly improved compared with the control group. Dietary 0.5% PA significantly improved nutrients digestibility of the experimental diets OM, EE, NFE and ME compared to the control. However, the supplementation of PA had no significant effect on the digestibility of CP and CF. While, 0.25 BA significantly improved OM, EE and ME compared to the control and CP significantly improved by using 0.1 % BA compared the other treatments and the control. The pH values were significantly reduced (p<0.01) in different GI-tract segments of the chicks compared to chicks fed the control. Lactobacillus count and coliforms were significantly increased when fed diets supplemented with 0.5 % PA and 0.2% BA compared to the control. While, anaerobes and E. Coli were significantly increased by feeding control diet. Villus height was significantly higher of all organic acids supplementation fed groups. Calcium, phosphorus, total protein and globulin in serum blood were significantly increased by 0.5% PA and 0.2% BA compared to the control. Relative weights of lymphoid organs (spleen and bursa of fabrics) were significantly higher by supplementing the tested organic acids compared to the control group. Carcass characteristics were not significantly affected by PA. Also, BA had no adverse effect on carcass characteristics, where, increased in thigh weight and decreased in abdominal fat were observed compared to the control group. In conclusion, dietary 0.5% Propionic acid as well as 0.2% Butyric acid could be used safely to improve performance and health of broiler chickens. Key words: Propionic acid, butyric acid, broiler, performance, digestibility, serum, morphology, pH and bacteria.


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