Master Thesis      [Total: 440 ]

The Urban Sprawl on Agricultural Lands in Gharbia Govornorate

Mohammed Abdelsalam Kandel, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ This study focuses on the evolution of urban encroachment on arable land in Egypt. There are three forms of encroachment on arable land. The first type is the removal of the fertile topsoil of agricultural land for the main purpose of bricks manufacturing. The second type is the setting aside of arable land and letting the land go unproductive for long time periods. The third type is the permanent conversion of arable land to buildings. The total acreage lost to encroachment from January 25, 2011 revolution till November 18, 2018 is about 85 thousands feddans of fertile land. The first type of topsoil removal constitutes 7.7 percent of the total lost acreage. While setting aside of arable land constitutes 35.5 percent and the conversion of arable land to buildings constitutes 57.8 percent of total land lost to encroachment. Rapid population growth is the main driver for accelerating encroachment on arable land in Egypt. This is especially evident in the governorates that are not endowed with desert backyard. Gharbeya governorate is a good example of densely populated regions with no desert backyard that could be used for urban expansion. The study reveals that population in Gharbeya grew during the period 2006-2017 with an annually rate of 2.1 percent. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Recycling of Agricultural Waste for The Production of Non Traditional Animal Feed

Neven Elbadrashiny, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ There are large quantities of agricultural wastes available annually in Egypt - economically unexploited agricultural by-products, the most important of which are hay, rice straw, wood and green thrones.These can be used as animal feeds after mechanical, chemical or biological treatments to increase their nutritional valueEspecially since most of these residues are low in crude protein and high in fiber and cellulosic substances that decrease digestion and palatability when feeding animals without any treatment.It is estimated that the total amount of agricultural residues in Egypt ranges from 13-15 million tons per year, although there is a deficit in coarse feed estimated at 4.5 million tons and aims to develop livestock in Egypt to eliminate the current gap in animal products,Average annual per capita consumption of domestic livestock products is estimated at about 12 kg of red meat, 8.6 kg of poultry meat, 10.2 kg of fish, 71.9 kg of milk and 3.9 kilograms of eggs according to 2016 estimates, well below the average consumption in many developing countriesThe lack of feed resources is a major constraint to the development of livestock in Egypt, where it is estimated that the balance of feed (the relationship between feed needs and available feed resources) that Egypt suffers an annual shortage of about 3.5 million tons of digested food T. D.N, Poultry and animals, the cost of the state about 13.7 billion poundsTherefore, about 6.8 million tons of maize were imported in 2015 to be used in the manufacture of feedstuffs. It is estimated that the value of animal production requirements is estimated at 68 billion pounds, representing about 72% of the total value of agricultural production requirements estimated at 94.6 billion. Pounds,This leads to an increase in the cost of local resources as a result of the high prices of livestock inputs.This leads to the contraction of domestic supply in light of the liberalization of foreign trade as a result of the competition of imported meat, where increasing quantities of imported red meat for low prices, as previous studies indicate the relative importance of the costs of feeding dairy animals, which represents about 72% of the average total. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Economic Study for the Role of Some Micro- Finance Institutions and Infinitesimal in the Egyptian Countryside

Asmahan AbdElhady Mohamed, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Master Thesis: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Benha University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The Egyptian countryside faces many problems, especially in recent times, where unemployment and low personal incomes have become one of the most pressing problems in the Egyptian countryside. The way to solve these problems in the Egyptian countryside. The main objective of this study is to identify the role of some MFIs in the rural areas of Egypt by examining the following sub-objectives: The current status of the role of the most important microfinance institutions in the Egyptian countryside - Local Development Fund The role of enterprise development in microfinance in rural Egypt, the development of loans disbursed by the enterprise development authority distributed according to the productive activities of small and micro enterprises in some governorates. The relative importance. From the above the study recommends:- 1-Encouraging the expansion of small and micro agricultural projects in order to provide job opportunities for young graduates and raise the standard of living in rural Egypt. 2- Activating the role of the financiers of small and micro agricultural projects through the provision of many credit facilities and the provision of easy loans. 3-Provide technical and economic consultations that help small business owners to overcome the obstacles they face during and after the establishment of those other projects under study. 4- Activate the role of marketing policies, including marketing of products of small and micro enterprises and protect them from the exploitation of merchants with the provisions of control. 5-Activate the role of serious control and follow-up of borrowers to ensure the correctness of doing projects or not. 6- Integration of small, small, medium and large projects within each governorate. 7- Establishing centers for training young people on small and micro projects. 8- Establishing outlets for the sale of products of small and micro projects in the province of each province. 9- Deepening studies in such projects to show and guide decision makers in this important investment area for young people in the Egyptian village. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Potentialities of Fava Beans Self- Sufficiency

Rehab Mohamed Abd El daym, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Master Thesis: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Legume crops are considered to be one of the most important agricultural crops in Egypt. It is the first bean crop in Egyptian terms of cultivated area and total production. Consumption, where green and dry seeds are used in human nutrition due to the high content of protein up to 30% and carbohydrates to 58% in addition to it contains vitamin A, B, and C, and is characterized by high potassium, iron and calcium, and uses the bean husk and the result of secondary known as hay Beans as feed for livestock and poultry, as well as a course in improving soil properties and fertility by increasing atmospheric nitrogen to the soil will benefit the next crop grown after faba bean. Despite the economic and social importance of the faba bean crop in Egypt, domestic production does not meet the consumption requirements, the area cultivated from this strategic crop decreased during the period (1990 - 2015) from about 344.6 thousand feddans in 1990 to about 81.9 thousand feddans in 2015, a decrease of about 76% of the cultivated area in 1990. Hence the problem of this study is the existence of a food gap between what is produced and consumed from this crop, especially in light of the steady increase in the population, which led to an increase in the quantity of imports to meet the requirements of national consumption, where amount of imports of faba bean increased from about 73 thousand tons From 2000 to about 650.79 thousand tons in 2016, an increase of about 891%, The value of imports reached 2153 million pounds in 2015. This study examined the food gap of faba bean and how to reduce it by studying the development of production, productivity, area, consumption, production costs, net yield, relative importance of production cost items, estimation of production functions, study of the efficiency of using agricultural resources, and the study of the most important factors affecting the function of faba bean supply response. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Optimum Cropping Structure of Dakahlia Govrnrate

Tarek Elzhaf, 2019

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The correct cropping structure is that which achieves the compatibility between more than one goal to reach the most efficient cropping structure in achieving and rationalizing water consumption and low use in the context of a set of constraints and determinants of productivity. In order to increase farm income and provide a large amount of irrigation water to benefit from the surplus In horizontal expansion. The model of the analysis of the cropping structure in Dakahlia governorate included 18 crops through five different models. The first Scenario (alternative) achieved this total yield of 6.780 billion pounds, more than the equivalent of 116 million pounds. Of the proposed model is less than its equivalent in the prevailing cropping structure of 81 million m3 as a result of the increase in the area of some of the crops grown from their counterparts in the dominant structure. In accordance with Ministerial Decision No. 28 of 2018 issued by the Minister of Irrigation published in Al-Ahram newspaper on 8/3/2018, the year 142, reducing the area of rice in Dakahlia governorate by 45%, four other models were reached. The study used a special model to test the effect of reducing the area of Egyptian rice to this level other models where used to study the effect of some economic polices on the export cropping pattern in Dakahlia governorate. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Economic Study for the Effects of Encroachment on Agricultural Land in Arab Republic of Egypt (Case Study in Damietta Governorate)

Walaa Khedr, 2019

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The encroachments on agricultural lands in Damietta governorate during the period (2003-2017) amounted to about 75885 with an area of encroachments amounting to 4043acres, which took an increasing trend, especially after the January 2011 revolution. This study mainly aimed to study the economic effects of the encroachments on agricultural lands in Damietta governorate. By studying the current situation of the phenomenon of encroachment on agricultural lands and determining the size of the deducted areas in the Republic and Damietta Governorate, determining the relative importance of the infringed areas in the Republic and Damietta Governorate during the period before the January 2011 revolution compared to the period after it. This is in order to identify the causes of the phenomenon of encroachment on agricultural lands and the economic implications of it in Damietta Governorate during the period (2003-2017) The study showed that there is an increase in the amount of loss in both total production, total income, net revenue and workers' wages for winter and summer crops. It also showed that the total value of the estimated deficit in the agricultural trade balance for both winter and summer crops together during the post-revolution period represents more than twice the value of the estimated deficit during The pre-revolution period, while the loss of livestock after the revolution was more than double the loss before the revolution, in addition to the high costs needed to reclaim new lands to compensate for that loss. And by studying the economic indicators of agricultural land use in plant production and agricultural and non-agricultural projects with the sample of the field study in Damietta governorate for the year 2016, it became clear that the net return achieved and the net return on the pound for most of the non-agricultural projects from carpentry workshops and furniture paint in addition to animal production projects from fattening, production and poultry farming It has far exceeded the net achieved and the net return on the pound through the cultivation of the vegetable production cycle (alfalfa + cotton), and this is what prompted many farmers to deduct areas of their lands and The study reached several recommendations, the most important of which is making use of pickles in Egyptian villages and permitting building on them, encouraging farmers to use their land for agriculture only, through the Egyptian state providing all agricultural supplies at reduced prices and helping them market their agricultural crops at high prices in order to achieve a greater return for them than any project. else. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Economic Efficiency for Using Agricultural Lands (Case Study in Menoufia Governorate)

Ibrahim El-Baasawy, 2019

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________________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, El Monofia University, 2019. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Nowadays, food security problem has become increasingly acute. In light of the current inefficient use of agricultural resources and the deterioration of fertile agricultural land including high ground water level resulting a loss in agricultural production due to the deterioration of productivity of land areas resources. Thus, it is important to study agricultural land resources concerning the determinants of land use in agricultural sector and measuring the economic and productivity efficiencies. However, the study aims to determine the current state of efficiency for land resource utilization in Menofiya governorate districts via estimating the foregone production due to low productive efficiency. In other words, the importance of this study is to shed light on the levels of agricultural production that were accessible if land resources were optimally employed. The study relied on a number of sources in data collection. It employed published and unpublished secondary data collected from periodic publications, records and statistics. Including, the Agricultural Statistics Bulletin issued by Economic Affairs Sector - Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and Statistical Yearbook issued by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics. However, descriptive and quantitative statistical analyses were used in this study. The first Chapter discusses the theoretical framework, while the second Chapter is devoted to review of literature. While the third Chapter deals with the relative importance of cultivated crops (cropping pattern) in Menoufia governorate. However, maize and wheat are ranked the first all over summer and winter harvested crops with an average area of about 191620 feddan and 130540 respectively during the period 2014-2017. It is worth mentioning that maize average planted area in Menoufia governorate during the period 2008/20017 is estimated at about 275.4 thousand feddan ranged between a minimum of 158.9 thousand feddan in 2013, and a maximum of about 584 thousand feddan in 2012. Ashmoun planted maize area comes the first reaching an average about 46.3 thousand feddan, next come Monouf (39 thousand Feddan), Tala (30 thousand Feddan), Qweisna (28.3 thousand Feddan). Then, Shebin El Qoum, El Bagoor, El Shohada, Berket El Sabaa and El Sadat accounted 25.5, 24, 23.6,18 and 8.1 thousand feddan respectively. In Menoufia governorate, maize production during the same period reached about 5.53 Million Ardab, with a minimum of about 3.13 Million Ardab in 2013, and a maximum about 7.28 Million Ardab in 2008. Where, Ashmoun district is ranked the first accounting average production 1.14 million Ardab, then comes Menouf (0.9 million Ardab), followed by Tala (0.69 million Ardab), Qweisna (0.65 million Ardab), Shebin El Qoum (0.59 million Ardab), El Shohada (0.57 million Ardab), El Bagoor (0.51 million Ardab), Berket El Sabaa (0.41 million Ardab), and El Sadat (0.19 million Ardab). Wheat cropland during the period 2008-2017 showed that the average area cultivated all over Monofiya governorate reached 124 thousand feddans. However, Ashmoun district is ranked the first reaching about 20 thousand feddans. Then comes Menof (17.5 thousand feddan), followed by Tala (16.9 thousand feddan), Qweisna and Shebin El Qoum (15 thousand feddan each), El Bagoor, Berket El Sabaa and El Shohada (12 thousand feddan each on average) and El Sadat (4.3 thousand feddan). Wheat production during the same period reached about 2547 thousand Ardab (on average), with a minimum of about 90 thousand Ardab in 2010, and a maximum about 3110 thousand Ardab in 2013. Where, Ashmoun district is ranked the first accounting average production 413 thousand Ardab, then comes Menouf (349 thousand Ardab), followed by Tala (342 thousand Ardab), Shebin El Qoum (315 thousand Ardab) Qweisna (305 thousand Ardab), El Bagoor (273 thousand Ardab), Berket El Sabaa (234 million Ardab), El Shohada (227 thousand Ardab) and El Sadat (86 thousand Ardab). Technical efficiency results for wheat production all over Menoufia governorate estimated 94% (on average) during the period (2007-2008/ 2017-2018) where the lowest achieved by Ashmoun district (86%) and the highest by El Sadat district (98%). In general, this high levels of technical efficiency is presumably due to the high quality and fertility of Menofiyan agricultural land that is considered one of the most important agricultural provinces of the Republic. Such result indicates that wheat production can be increased by 6% employing the same amount of production factors. Maize results recorded an estimated average of about 72% where the lowest achieved by Tala district (72%) and the highest by El Sadat district (95%) indicating that maize production can be increased by 28% employing the same amount of factors of production. ________________________________________________________________________________________________


Evaluation of Rice Marketing System

Reda Elgohary Elbery, 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The agricultural sector is one of the most important sectors in the Egyptian national economy for its importance in meeting the needs of the citizens of food and clothing. In recent years, the relative importance of this sector has decreased. Rice is one of the crops that Egyptian humans need in food because of their high nutritional value. When estimating the vital value of rice protein, it is found to be high for other types of grains. The problem of the study was from the problem of rice cultivation in the first place, and that it is a bad crop for water, and it depends on agriculture, and it is achieved from surplus produce. This is a water and productivity problem, as well as the large marketing problems which are the subject of the study, starting from the beginning of rice production. The period of stay in the land, which affects the exit of the crop to the market in a timely manner and to the extent appropriate and appropriate form and quality will be the focus here on such problems and the problems of transport, storage, sale, purchase, speculation and the problems of export, The rice industry and the ensuing problems until the arrival of white rice to the end consumer will be highlighted every problem from the beginning of productivity to the market and the process of barley among traders and storage and speculation, then the industry hit rice and the entry of speculators difficult or difficult obstacle in the marketing of rice, Storage and signature of rice and methods of delivery to the production of farmers and traders and the resulting problems and hence the costs of marketing rice from feed to consumption, although it will partially overlook the cycle of production costs. The study aimed to study the costs of rice multiplication among public and private sector competitors to identify the various factors that led to the high cost of rice multiplication and the similarities and similarities of this industry at the public and private sectors. Costs and access to the best ways to reliably estimate these costs, which ultimately serves economic decision makers and policy makers and determines the optimal size of the industry. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Analytical Study of Aqua – Culture Fishing Industry in Egypt

Azza Mostafa, 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Elminya University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ In general, the study aims to analyses the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt during the period 2001-2015 and, in particular, to: 1- study the relative importance of the aquaculture fishing industry in the Egyptian fish economy. 2- identify the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt by studying and analysing the current potential of the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt through the requirements of fish production and production units [aquaculture fishing]. 3- Study and analysis the geographical distribution of the aquaculture fishing industry. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Determination of the Foreign Demand on the Egyptian Agricultural Exports in the Most Important Asian Countries Markets

Rasha Nagiub, 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The objective of this study is to try to develop the export of the crops studied in the most important markets of Asian importing countries. In order to achieve this objective, the study highlighted the most important indicators of the competitiveness indicators of Egyptian agricultural exports of grapes, oranges, potatoes and onions in the most important markets of Asian countries, representing 22% Egyptian agricultural exports accounted for 2.53% of the total Egyptian exports during the period 1994-2014. It also analyzed the main factors determining the external demand for the crops studied in the major markets in Asia. The most important results were that the rate of coverage of exports and imports fluctuated during the study period but in general the value of agricultural exports increased during the whole period of the study. In examining the degree of economic exposure, the results indicate the adoption of the Egyptian economic activity on export and import. The determinants of the demand for the export of the crops under study were analyzed. One of the most important results for the grape harvest was a positive relationship between the quantity of grape exports of the Saudi market and the explanatory variables. The increase of each of them by 1% leads to an increase in the quantity exported to the Saudi market by 0.08% 24.41%, 0.59% and 0.20% respectively. There was also an inverse relationship between the quantity of Egyptian exports of oranges to the Saudi market and the total Saudi imports of grapes from other countries and the exchange rate. The decrease of 1% In the Saudi market by 3.89%, 0.53 %. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


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