Master Thesis      [Total: 442 ]

The Urban Sprawl on Agricultural Lands in Gharbia Govornorate

Mohammed Abdelsalam Kandel, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ This study focuses on the evolution of urban encroachment on arable land in Egypt. There are three forms of encroachment on arable land. The first type is the removal of the fertile topsoil of agricultural land for the main purpose of bricks manufacturing. The second type is the setting aside of arable land and letting the land go unproductive for long time periods. The third type is the permanent conversion of arable land to buildings. The total acreage lost to encroachment from January 25, 2011 revolution till November 18, 2018 is about 85 thousands feddans of fertile land. The first type of topsoil removal constitutes 7.7 percent of the total lost acreage. While setting aside of arable land constitutes 35.5 percent and the conversion of arable land to buildings constitutes 57.8 percent of total land lost to encroachment. Rapid population growth is the main driver for accelerating encroachment on arable land in Egypt. This is especially evident in the governorates that are not endowed with desert backyard. Gharbeya governorate is a good example of densely populated regions with no desert backyard that could be used for urban expansion. The study reveals that population in Gharbeya grew during the period 2006-2017 with an annually rate of 2.1 percent. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Recycling of Agricultural Waste for The Production of Non Traditional Animal Feed

Neven Elbadrashiny, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ There are large quantities of agricultural wastes available annually in Egypt - economically unexploited agricultural by-products, the most important of which are hay, rice straw, wood and green thrones.These can be used as animal feeds after mechanical, chemical or biological treatments to increase their nutritional valueEspecially since most of these residues are low in crude protein and high in fiber and cellulosic substances that decrease digestion and palatability when feeding animals without any treatment.It is estimated that the total amount of agricultural residues in Egypt ranges from 13-15 million tons per year, although there is a deficit in coarse feed estimated at 4.5 million tons and aims to develop livestock in Egypt to eliminate the current gap in animal products,Average annual per capita consumption of domestic livestock products is estimated at about 12 kg of red meat, 8.6 kg of poultry meat, 10.2 kg of fish, 71.9 kg of milk and 3.9 kilograms of eggs according to 2016 estimates, well below the average consumption in many developing countriesThe lack of feed resources is a major constraint to the development of livestock in Egypt, where it is estimated that the balance of feed (the relationship between feed needs and available feed resources) that Egypt suffers an annual shortage of about 3.5 million tons of digested food T. D.N, Poultry and animals, the cost of the state about 13.7 billion poundsTherefore, about 6.8 million tons of maize were imported in 2015 to be used in the manufacture of feedstuffs. It is estimated that the value of animal production requirements is estimated at 68 billion pounds, representing about 72% of the total value of agricultural production requirements estimated at 94.6 billion. Pounds,This leads to an increase in the cost of local resources as a result of the high prices of livestock inputs.This leads to the contraction of domestic supply in light of the liberalization of foreign trade as a result of the competition of imported meat, where increasing quantities of imported red meat for low prices, as previous studies indicate the relative importance of the costs of feeding dairy animals, which represents about 72% of the average total. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Economic Study for the Role of Some Micro- Finance Institutions and Infinitesimal in the Egyptian Countryside

Asmahan AbdElhady Mohamed, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Master Thesis: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Benha University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The Egyptian countryside faces many problems, especially in recent times, where unemployment and low personal incomes have become one of the most pressing problems in the Egyptian countryside. The way to solve these problems in the Egyptian countryside. The main objective of this study is to identify the role of some MFIs in the rural areas of Egypt by examining the following sub-objectives: The current status of the role of the most important microfinance institutions in the Egyptian countryside - Local Development Fund The role of enterprise development in microfinance in rural Egypt, the development of loans disbursed by the enterprise development authority distributed according to the productive activities of small and micro enterprises in some governorates. The relative importance. From the above the study recommends:- 1-Encouraging the expansion of small and micro agricultural projects in order to provide job opportunities for young graduates and raise the standard of living in rural Egypt. 2- Activating the role of the financiers of small and micro agricultural projects through the provision of many credit facilities and the provision of easy loans. 3-Provide technical and economic consultations that help small business owners to overcome the obstacles they face during and after the establishment of those other projects under study. 4- Activate the role of marketing policies, including marketing of products of small and micro enterprises and protect them from the exploitation of merchants with the provisions of control. 5-Activate the role of serious control and follow-up of borrowers to ensure the correctness of doing projects or not. 6- Integration of small, small, medium and large projects within each governorate. 7- Establishing centers for training young people on small and micro projects. 8- Establishing outlets for the sale of products of small and micro projects in the province of each province. 9- Deepening studies in such projects to show and guide decision makers in this important investment area for young people in the Egyptian village. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Potentialities of Fava Beans Self- Sufficiency

Rehab Mohamed Abd El daym, 2020

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • Master Thesis: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2020. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Legume crops are considered to be one of the most important agricultural crops in Egypt. It is the first bean crop in Egyptian terms of cultivated area and total production. Consumption, where green and dry seeds are used in human nutrition due to the high content of protein up to 30% and carbohydrates to 58% in addition to it contains vitamin A, B, and C, and is characterized by high potassium, iron and calcium, and uses the bean husk and the result of secondary known as hay Beans as feed for livestock and poultry, as well as a course in improving soil properties and fertility by increasing atmospheric nitrogen to the soil will benefit the next crop grown after faba bean. Despite the economic and social importance of the faba bean crop in Egypt, domestic production does not meet the consumption requirements, the area cultivated from this strategic crop decreased during the period (1990 - 2015) from about 344.6 thousand feddans in 1990 to about 81.9 thousand feddans in 2015, a decrease of about 76% of the cultivated area in 1990. Hence the problem of this study is the existence of a food gap between what is produced and consumed from this crop, especially in light of the steady increase in the population, which led to an increase in the quantity of imports to meet the requirements of national consumption, where amount of imports of faba bean increased from about 73 thousand tons From 2000 to about 650.79 thousand tons in 2016, an increase of about 891%, The value of imports reached 2153 million pounds in 2015. This study examined the food gap of faba bean and how to reduce it by studying the development of production, productivity, area, consumption, production costs, net yield, relative importance of production cost items, estimation of production functions, study of the efficiency of using agricultural resources, and the study of the most important factors affecting the function of faba bean supply response. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Optimum Cropping Structure of Dakahlia Govrnrate

Tarek Elzhaf, 2019

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The correct cropping structure is that which achieves the compatibility between more than one goal to reach the most efficient cropping structure in achieving and rationalizing water consumption and low use in the context of a set of constraints and determinants of productivity. In order to increase farm income and provide a large amount of irrigation water to benefit from the surplus In horizontal expansion. The model of the analysis of the cropping structure in Dakahlia governorate included 18 crops through five different models. The first Scenario (alternative) achieved this total yield of 6.780 billion pounds, more than the equivalent of 116 million pounds. Of the proposed model is less than its equivalent in the prevailing cropping structure of 81 million m3 as a result of the increase in the area of some of the crops grown from their counterparts in the dominant structure. In accordance with Ministerial Decision No. 28 of 2018 issued by the Minister of Irrigation published in Al-Ahram newspaper on 8/3/2018, the year 142, reducing the area of rice in Dakahlia governorate by 45%, four other models were reached. The study used a special model to test the effect of reducing the area of Egyptian rice to this level other models where used to study the effect of some economic polices on the export cropping pattern in Dakahlia governorate. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Economic Study for the Effects of Encroachment on Agricultural Land in Arab Republic of Egypt (Case Study in Damietta Governorate)

Walaa Khedr, 2019

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, 2019. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The encroachments on agricultural lands in Damietta governorate during the period (2003-2017) amounted to about 75885 with an area of encroachments amounting to 4043acres, which took an increasing trend, especially after the January 2011 revolution. This study mainly aimed to study the economic effects of the encroachments on agricultural lands in Damietta governorate. By studying the current situation of the phenomenon of encroachment on agricultural lands and determining the size of the deducted areas in the Republic and Damietta Governorate, determining the relative importance of the infringed areas in the Republic and Damietta Governorate during the period before the January 2011 revolution compared to the period after it. This is in order to identify the causes of the phenomenon of encroachment on agricultural lands and the economic implications of it in Damietta Governorate during the period (2003-2017) The study showed that there is an increase in the amount of loss in both total production, total income, net revenue and workers' wages for winter and summer crops. It also showed that the total value of the estimated deficit in the agricultural trade balance for both winter and summer crops together during the post-revolution period represents more than twice the value of the estimated deficit during The pre-revolution period, while the loss of livestock after the revolution was more than double the loss before the revolution, in addition to the high costs needed to reclaim new lands to compensate for that loss. And by studying the economic indicators of agricultural land use in plant production and agricultural and non-agricultural projects with the sample of the field study in Damietta governorate for the year 2016, it became clear that the net return achieved and the net return on the pound for most of the non-agricultural projects from carpentry workshops and furniture paint in addition to animal production projects from fattening, production and poultry farming It has far exceeded the net achieved and the net return on the pound through the cultivation of the vegetable production cycle (alfalfa + cotton), and this is what prompted many farmers to deduct areas of their lands and The study reached several recommendations, the most important of which is making use of pickles in Egyptian villages and permitting building on them, encouraging farmers to use their land for agriculture only, through the Egyptian state providing all agricultural supplies at reduced prices and helping them market their agricultural crops at high prices in order to achieve a greater return for them than any project. else. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


An Analytical Study of Aqua – Culture Fishing Industry in Egypt

Azza Mostafa, 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Elminya University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ In general, the study aims to analyses the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt during the period 2001-2015 and, in particular, to: 1- study the relative importance of the aquaculture fishing industry in the Egyptian fish economy. 2- identify the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt by studying and analysing the current potential of the aquaculture fishing industry in Egypt through the requirements of fish production and production units [aquaculture fishing]. 3- Study and analysis the geographical distribution of the aquaculture fishing industry. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Determination of the Foreign Demand on the Egyptian Agricultural Exports in the Most Important Asian Countries Markets

Rasha Nagiub, 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ The objective of this study is to try to develop the export of the crops studied in the most important markets of Asian importing countries. In order to achieve this objective, the study highlighted the most important indicators of the competitiveness indicators of Egyptian agricultural exports of grapes, oranges, potatoes and onions in the most important markets of Asian countries, representing 22% Egyptian agricultural exports accounted for 2.53% of the total Egyptian exports during the period 1994-2014. It also analyzed the main factors determining the external demand for the crops studied in the major markets in Asia. The most important results were that the rate of coverage of exports and imports fluctuated during the study period but in general the value of agricultural exports increased during the whole period of the study. In examining the degree of economic exposure, the results indicate the adoption of the Egyptian economic activity on export and import. The determinants of the demand for the export of the crops under study were analyzed. One of the most important results for the grape harvest was a positive relationship between the quantity of grape exports of the Saudi market and the explanatory variables. The increase of each of them by 1% leads to an increase in the quantity exported to the Saudi market by 0.08% 24.41%, 0.59% and 0.20% respectively. There was also an inverse relationship between the quantity of Egyptian exports of oranges to the Saudi market and the total Saudi imports of grapes from other countries and the exchange rate. The decrease of 1% In the Saudi market by 3.89%, 0.53 %. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


Study of The Capacities Farm and Its Impact on Farm Incomes in Dakahlia Governorate

Marwa Abd Elraze Elshnawyk Mosa , 2018

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________ • M. Sc. in Agricultural Science (Agricultural Economics): Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, 2018. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ This study consists of seven sections preceded by the introduction, which contains the research problem, the research objectives, the research method, and the data sources. The research problem was limited agricultural land, small size of agricultural holdings, and misuse of land. Feddan about 28.9% of the total agricultural area. The study aimed at studying the levels of agricultural incomes, their relation to farm farms in Dakahlia Governorate, the relationship between incomes and agricultural capacity, study of economic resources, crop composition in Dakahlia governorate, statistical analysis of agricultural inputs and their effect on agricultural incomes. The first part dealt with the theoretical framework and the reference review of the most important studies and scientific researches related to the subject of the study during the period 2000 to 2014. While the second part dealt with the study of economic resources in Dakahlia governorate. The third chapter dealt with the study of crop structure in Dakahlia governorate in 2014, where it was found that the crop structure consists of four groups: field crops, vegetable crops, fruit crops, medicinal plants and aromatic plants. The fourth chapter dealt with the study of agricultural income in Dakahlia Governorate, where the development of agricultural income in Al-Jawh Al-Bahari and Dakahlia Governorate dealt with agricultural income from plant and animal production in administrative centers in Dakahlia governorate during the period 2001-2014. The fifth section analyzes the sample of the field study, the study of the stages of selecting the sample of the field study, the study of the economic and social characteristics of the sample of the field study, classification of the agricultural lands according to the area into three categories: the first (less than one faddan) (From 3 to 5 faddan). The second category (from 1 to 3 faddan) was the most profitable category, followed by the first category (less than one faddan) and the third category (from 3 to 5 faddans). The sixth chapter deals with the economic analysis of farm farms and their impact on agricultural incomes in Dakahlia governorate, the study of farm entry levels and their relation to various farm farms. Identification of sources of agricultural inputs according to the sizes of different agricultural capacities through a questionnaire questionnaire. . The concentration of relatively large properties in the new lands, as well as the fragmentation and dwarfing of property, has been shown in the old high-fertility lands. Chapter 7 deals with the study of agricultural capacities and their effect on farm income indices in the sample of the field study by calculating the absolute measures of agricultural income, which were calculated in the calculation of the total farm output, total revenue, net operating income (gross margin), net farm income, Relative profitability measures were represented in the rate of return / cost, gross revenue / variable costs, variable cost / average production, profitability of the exported pound, profitability of the unit produced (in tons). The measures of balance revenue and safety income were represented in the calculation of balance revenue, scale of balance, price of balance, production safety level , and price safety level. In the sample of the field study, the agricultural capacity and its relation to agricultural income in Dakahlia governorate were examined in the sample of the field study. It was found that the second category (from 1 to 3 feddan) is the most profitable category followed by the category (From less than one feddan) and then the third category (from 3 to 5 feddans). It was also found that about 96.6% of the increase in net farm income for the total sample of the study was due to the increase in cultivated area. Through the results of the study, the study recommends: 1- To improve the efficiency and management of large farms, modern methods of production, where the concentration of large properties relative to the new land. 2 - The need to develop proposed policies, for the vertical and horizontal expansion in the production of agricultural crops, to bridge the gap between production and consumption, where the correlation between the agricultural area and increase the productivity of the feddan, for the research sample crops. 3. Develop a production policy aimed at increasing the production of agricultural crops, especially in relation to food security, by: (a) using modern methods of agriculture; (b) establishing a good guidance system to educate farmers and training them on how to produce, (C) the development of highly productive agricultural seed varieties. 4 - To direct investment in the field of agricultural land reclamation, the need to follow modern methods, to increase the production of agricultural crops. _______________________________________________________________________________________________


studies o using spirulina for fingerlings Nile tilapia diets

Ayman Hussien Abo elward, 2016

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The experiments were conducted in Fish Research Center - Suez Canal University: The present study was designed to evaluate the use of spirulina (Spirulina platens is) as a replacement of protein with different levels from protein diet for fingerlings Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Spirulina was incorporated into tive isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets At 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% of the protein - based diet. The test diets were fed to the fishat satiation twice a day for 56 days. The final weight gain, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency, feed intake, protein efficiency ratio and survival rate of fish significantly (p<0.05) higher for group of fish replaced with 20% Spirulina platensis (T5) and decreased gradually at T4 ,T3,T2 and Tl respectively. There was a significant difference in protein and lipid in carcass proximate composition of the fish fed on 20% spirulina diets as compared to those on the rest of experimental groups. These results suggest an improvement of fish health when fed with feed replacement, Moreover, fish fed with diets containing different spirulina levels exhibited higher total protein serum Creatinine, Urea, Albumin, Globulin, Triglycerides, HDL-C values. On contrary, significantly decreased Albumin Iglobulin Ratio, LDL-C, AL T and AST values compared with control as increased of Spirulina levels. The highest values were obtained at T5 diet. This study demonstrates that up to 20% of spirulina replacement from soybean protein was most effective in stimulating fish growth and more economic for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings under this experimental condition. Key Words Spirulina platensis, replacement, Nile Tilapia fingerlings, growth performance, feed utilization, carcass composition.


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