PhD Thesis      [Total: 81 ]

Training needs of Agricultural extension supervisors

Ahmed Abd El-motelab El-hsawy, 2015

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The study aimed at achieving the following goals: l- Identifying the personal and professional characteristics of the respondents from the agricultural supervisors and guiding workers. 2- Identifiying training needs, the applied and collective and rehabilitative needs for the respondents in the seven studied categories (Training - guidance (leadership), motivation, directing, coordination, censorship and Correction). 3- Identifying some of the bilateral relations between the personal and professional variables of the respondents and the former training pre-rnentioned needs. 4- Determining the proportion of the contribution of some of the independent variables studied in the interpretation of variation in the degrees of training requirements that have been mentioned above for the respondents in the seven studied areas or categories. 5- Identification of the views of the respondents in the degree of the presence of obstacles and problems (19) that limit and curb their effectiveness while performing their guidway duties and task. After selecting and identifying the research objectives, the hypotheses were formulated and put in zero images. The study has been launched in the middle and south delta region as an area and intentional sample to conduct this study. The number of the agricultural guiding supervisors reached 346 as guiding supervisors. Data have been gathered by a personal interview form during July & august 2012. Throughout a proportion out of 100 % of the intentional sample. Data were coded, admitted and discharged into the computer. Data have been also analyzed by using the stastical programmer [spss] . Duplicates were also used and the percentage and the arithmetic mean and the weighted data). The simple correlation analysis was also used [person] .The linear regression analysis was u ed as well whether ( full model or the steno typist one to analyse ( Data) and the identification of the proportion of the contribution of the independent variables in interpreting the collective contras in the variables [ the dependent variable] . Test [ F ] and test [ T ] were ab) used to judge the statistical SIgnificance of the relations: the most important reults were as follows: 1- 77.5% of the total number of the respondents were of [ guide specialists sector] while 47,1 % of the total number of respondents were from Al - monomial Governorate. 69,08 % of the total number of the respondents are adults or ( elder ones ). 69,4% of the respondents are brought up in villages [ rurals]. 70,2% of the respondents have got agricultural bachelor.


A Study of Environmental Behavior for rural youth in some villages at kafer El- sheikh Governorate

Aza El-Demery, 2015

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The issues of the pollution of the natural resources of the environment as a result of the effect depending on the wrong social behavior is the most dangerous things, the environment exposed to a large number of problems between wasting, neglecting and polluting components, that because human working towards progress and rush of human without prudence to depleting a lot of the natural resources. Since the environmental behavior is the main factor that determines the method of how to deal with the environment to exploit its resources, as well as it is the most important factors to preserve and protect the environment, so, the adjusting of the rural behavior to be positive in dealing with natural resources will have a significant impact on the preservation of these resources and protection it from pollution and attrition, and the belief in the role played by the youths in the development process and the preservation of environmental resources from pollution; therefore, the research problem started from several questions, they are: What are the personal characteristics of the respondents? What is the level of the environmental behavior of rural youth? What are the factors that stand behind it? What is the work that affects on the amendment of the negative behaviors towards the environment to positive behaviors? And how can raise of the level of ! environmental awareness of youth? What is the positive contribution due in the preservation of the environment from pollution? The objective of the study: Consistence with the research problem it has been possible to formulate the following objectives: 1- To identify some personal characteristics of the respondents from the rural youth. 2- To identify the level of the environmental behavior of the respondents from the rural youth in the field of soil, water, air in the villages studied.


EVALUATION OF ROLE OF RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION NET WORK (RADCON ) IN GIVING AWARENESS TO RURAL WOMEN IN FIELDS OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOME VILLAGES OF EL BEHERA GOVERNORATE

Hanan Ali El-tahawea, 2015

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This study aims mainly to identify the evaluation of role of rural and agricultural development communication network (RADCON) in giving awareness to rural women in fields of rural development in some villages of El-Behera govemorate. More specifically, the objectives of the current study are to: 1- Recognize some characteristics of the respondents. 2- Evaluate the role of rural and agricultural development communication network (RADCON) about the knowledge benefit for the respondents in the included fields of the network systems. 3- Evaluate the role of rural and agricultural development communication network (RADCON) about the application benefit for the respondents in the included fields of the network systems. 4- Examine the correlations and the influential relation between the independent variables and the level of knowledge and application benefit for the respondents in the included fields of the network systems as a dependent variable. 5- Recognize the respondents problems and how to solve them according to their points of view. A questionnaire based on personal interview of 160 respondents which represent the sample of the respondents that communicate with ( RADCON ) two times and more monthly at the study region in El. Behera govemorate.


A Social Study of political behavior for the Rural youth a field study in two villages at Kafr EI-Shiekh Governance

walaa Abdel Aziz shaaban, 2015

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The youth are the future of the promising nation , they are the future leaders and they are the men who located upon themselves the evelopment of society in all political, conomic, social and cultural fields, and on their hands, its goals and its ambitions be achieve in sophisticated world full with quick shifts and varying challenges, this is depending on what to say to the youths in care of developing their leadership skills and training them in industry and to take decision at the right time. The political behavior is the basic of democratic act, and as is the face reflects the democratic process in their positive and negative, he is influential and measure of success or to be hinder of this process, the low level of political behavior of the youths would prevent achieved, so ,it must study the factors that will lead to an increase in knowledge and attitudes and political practices of the rural youths, also, the obstacles that obstacle the exercise of political behavior with its aspects until it can be removed and avoided even be increasing the level of political participation as political behavior. Consistent with the problem of the study, this study aimed mainly to study the political behavior of rural youths, through achieving the following sub-objectives: 1- To identify the personal, social and economic haracteristics of rural youths. 2 - To identify the level of political behavior of the rural ouths. 3 - To identify the associated variables with degree of political behavior of the rural Youths. 4 - To identify the determined factors and the degree of the relative contribution of each of them in the interpretation of the variation in the degree of political behavior of the rural youths.


Some variables related to the degree of benefit of small Enterprises 'owners funded by the Social Fund For Development' in some villages of Shark Governorate

Amina Slim El-shahat, 2014

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The main objectives of this study were to identify the personal, social and economic characteristics of the Owners of Small Projects (oSPs) funded by the Social Development Fund (SDF), to investigate the degree of OSps' total social and economic benefits of these Enterprises and to recognize the relationships between these degrees and each of the following independent variables, and to identify the problems encounter them of villages studied To achieve these objectives, field study was conducted in Sharkia Governorate , has reached the study sample of 143 respondents comprehensive study, data were collected against using personal questionnaire with a young entrepreneur who works in the field of animal production. And use software statistic package (SPSS) to analyze data as it used arithmetic means and frequencies and percentages, and Pearson Simple correlation coefficient, and chi-square The most important results of the study could be summarized as follows: less than half of the respondents by 45.5 % of the total respondents fall in the age group of young people (23 - less than 38 years old) an age group most active in the work and production, and that nearly half of respondents, 42 percent live in families small size (2-5 individuals), that more than half of the respondents are married they have accounted for 62.2 %, the tribe is more than three -quarters of the respondents 87.4 % who did not receive training in the field of small projects, and also turned out to be 39% the number of respondents have a small volume of the number of children educated sons and fall in the category (2 Born - or less ), and that less than five of them increased by 16.1 % degree of benefit from the small college is high and they tall in the category (52-66), and nearly than half of the respondents 48.9 % overall benefit of small medium enterprises ( 37-51) and also about a third of whom 35% (22-36) The total benefit of small projects is low. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between the degree of making full use of the small Enterprises owners and between each of the independent variables related to: the acquisition of agricultural land, and income from the project, and the project's capital, the value of the loan from the Fund, and the duration of the project, the degree of exposure to sources public information, the degree of exposure to sources of information about the project, the degree of satisfaction with the project. And inversely with the age of the respondent, except for variables such as income from the original work and the degree of urban communication, where it was not significant The relationship also was significant with variables in discrete following: the number of children school age, and number of children educated children, and the existing management of the project small , and get training in small Enterprises, and participate in development projects other village, and Formal social participation and Informal social participation, in while the relationship was not significant with the educational status, marital status, household size, and type of work, ownership of the project, 'the ability pay, the case of the continuation of the project, the project type labor That set the organizational and administrative problems came in the first rank among the group : problems facing small enterprises Followed in order of funding problems and costs, then Iabor, marketing, and operating requirements, and finally the problem of skills and experience.


Role of Some Non-Governmental Organizations in the development of Rural Family in Giza Governorate

Ahmed Hassan hamouda, 2014

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This study aimed to identify the respondents' knowledge degree concerning the activities of the local community development, legitimate, and charities organizations (ORGs), and their opinion on the performance degree of these activities as well as their benefit degree from these activities, as the most important independent variables which are related to the knowledge degree, benefit from the activities of the three studied orgs., and the obstacles which face these organizations (ORGs), and all respondents suggestions to reduce them. The study was conducted in three districts of Giza governorate. Two types of samples for the study were chosen (the heads of rural household (HRH), and the members of the directors boards of the organizations studied (MDB). 384 the heads of rural household (HRH), and 69 members of the directors boards (MDB) of the studied organizations (ORGs) were chosen randomly. A questioner was designed, tested, and collected through Jan. to March 2012. The study used frequency, percentages, simple correlation coefficient, and chi square test to analyse of the data.


Farmers Leaders Participation in some Agricultural Extension Activities in Villages of Extension Centers at Kafrelsheikh Governorate

Ahmad Abd El-geleel Abd El-AAL, 2013

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This study was aiming mainly to determine participation level of the farmers' leaders in some extension agricultural activities in the extension centers' villages at Kafr El Sheikh Governorate. A simple sample was chosen according to the basket method from local extension leaders, its size was indicated according to Krejcie& Morgan function (1970, PP: 607– 610), then the size was 169 respondents representing about 56% of the total sample. The data was collected from only 165 respondents. Finally, distribution of the respondents regarding their total participation level in some extension activities of the agricultural extension centers was as follow: 37.6 % of the respondents were in the low participation category, 34.5 % of the respondents were in the middle participation category, and 27.9 % of the respondents were in the high participation category. The results also showed that the independent variables together explained about 62% of variance in the total respondents participation degree in some extension activities of the agricultural extension centers, and the important independent variables in variance explaining were; availability of the extension services (44.4%), number of agricultural reference resources (11.1 %), visits number of the extension centers (2.6%), extension training ( 2.2%), age (1.2 %), and farming holding capacity (0.9 %). The results also showed that the important obstacls reducing the respondent's participation in the agricultural extension activities were; lack of free time, absence of the agricultural guide, insufficient number of agricultural agents in the extension center, insufficient number of field visits, lack of advertising and announcements about the visits, lack of transportation mean to the agricultural guide, lack of advertising and announcements about the extension field, insufficient number of extension fields, insufficient support to the agricultural production facilities, insufficient number of extension meetings, and holding these meetings in unsuitable times.


factors Related to innovativenesss and Educational Outcomes Of Preparatory Schoolsw in Kafr ElSheikh Governorate

Dr.Lamia El-Sayed El-hoseiny, 2009

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The current study seeks to maintain( achieve) the following objectives: 1-To recognize the levels of innovativeness in rural preparatory schools in Kafr El Sheikh governorate. 2-To recognize the levels of educational outcomes in rural prep-schools in Kafr El-Sheikh. 3-To Explore correlations between independent variables and both: *The innovativeness in rural prep- schools in Kafr El Sheikh. *Educational outcomes of rural prep schools in Kafr El Sheikh. 4-To identify the variables that make more contributions to explaining variance in:A-The innovativeness of rural prep-schools in Kafr El-Sheikh. B-educational outcomes of rural prep schools in Kafr El Sheikh. The Area of research has been identified to encompass all prep- schools in Kafr El Sheikh —the study made the rural prep school a unit of study where the sample size amounted to 195 schools that were randomly chosen Data was collected through a questionnaire that involved individual interviews with the principals of rural prep-schools. For the purpose of data analysis the standard deviation, the mean, the range, the percentages and replications were used to describe research variables. The study has dealt with the topic of innovativeness as a multi dimensional concept which consists of four dimensions: 1-The innovativeness of administration(management). 2-The innovativeness of school. 3-The innovativeness of technology. 4-Program innovativeness. The study also dealt with educational outcomes as a multi-dimensional concept that consists of three dimensions: 1-the number of students who succeeded in the third grade. 2-The number of excellent pupils in the third grade. 3-Positive behavioral goals for pupils. The research hypotheses that need to be validated in light of theoretical framework and reference presentation have been formulated. These hypotheses amounted to 27 hypotheses which suppose the presence of a relationship between each sub-dimension of innovativeness and educational outcomes and sets of independent variables. The most important analytical results of the study are as follows: 1-Variables of the amount human resources, the students' free activities, the school presidency and entertainment relationships can make significant and distinctive contributions in the explorAtion of variance in the dimension of number of pupils who made success in their schooling as one dimension of measuring educational outcomes, since these variables could explain the percentage of 40,3 % of variance in this dimension. 2-Variables of human resources amount, the students' free activities, the school precedency, the high spirits, job satisfaction of the principals and the involvement of pupils in making decisions can all significantly explain variance in the dimension of the number of excellent pupils as one dimension of educational outcome measurements , since they expfain the percentage of 36,8% of the total variance in this dimension. 3-Variables of the two-directional communication, school innovativeness, the relationship of the goal with the outside communication make significant contributions in explaining the variance in the variable of behavioral goal as one dimension of measuring educational outcomes as they explain the percentage of 22,6% of total variance in this dimension. The current study presented a number of recommendations that were discussed.


Effectiveness of The Television Program SerElard” in Developing Farmer’s Knowledge and Skills in Fish Production and Marketing in Kafer El-Shikh Governorate

Shaban Dr.Shehata, 2009

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The main objectives of this study were : (1) to determine the respondents , knowledge , application , and their skills in the implementation of extension recommendations of concentrated fish production farms which were projected through a series of " Ser Elard " television episodes ;(2) to determine their benefit degree from those recommendations , and finally , to get their opinions about some feature of this program . This study was conducted in six area from three selected districts , namely : Sidi Salem , El Riad , and Bulteem in Kafer EL- Shikh governorate . The data were collected through July, August, and September 2007, using a questiomaire with interpersonal interviews from a sample of 175 respondents; 100 of them were viewers of the program episodes, and 75 respondents were non-viewers. The data were tabulated, presented, analyzed using numbers, percentages, averages, and ( t ) test . The study revealed the following results: 1 – There were similarity in personal, economic, and social characters of both groups; viewers and know viewers. 2 – 86 percent of the viewers knew the projected fish recommendations through the series of “Ser Elard" program episodes and the overall mean score of their knowledge of these recommendations was 33, with 79 %. 3 – The overall mean score for the number of the viewers who implemented those recommendations was about 83 % and the overall mean score of the application degree of those extension recommendations of fish production was 32 with 79 %. 4 – The overall mean score of the viewers skill in the implementation of those recommendations was 266, with 63 % of the total score 420. 5 – The recommendations of fish production projected through the program episodes were sufficient except fish breading and natural delivery of fish. 6 – Most of the viewers were benefited from the television “Ser Elard“program episodes. Finally, four research recommendations were deducted based on the results of this study.


Evaluation of agricultural extension planning: Menoufiya Governorate as a case study

Dr.Moammar Moselhey Gad, 2009

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This study aimed to evaluate the process of planning the agricultural extension programs in Menofiya governorate, to determine the extension workers' knowledge of criteria of the extension programs planning, to identify the level of implementation of the planning of the agricultural extension activities in Menoufiya governorate. to identify the relationships between the extension workers 'knowledge of criteria of the extension programs planning in Menoufiya governorate , level of implementation of the planning of the agricultural extension activities and independent variables. A random sample of 218 respondents were chosen from the nine districts in Menoufiya governorate. Data was collected by interviewing respondents using a questionnaire. It was statistically manipulated and analyzed using descriptive statistics, simple correlation coefficient, and regression analysis (step-wise) . The results revealed that: 1. Overall proportions of extension workers more than 50 years. 2. About 50 % of extension workers have B.Sc in agriculture. 3. 57% : the degree of extension workers' knowledge of criteria of the extension programs planning . 4. A positive correlation existed between the extension workers' knowledge of criteria of the extension programs planning in Menoufiya governorate and level of implementation of extension programs planning activities in Menoufiya governorate. 5. The following independent variables contributed significantly in explaining (40%) of the variation in the respondent's knowledge of criteria of planning the extension programs in Menoufiya governorate : Those variables were : attitudes toward decentralization of planning the agricultural extension programs, the numbers of training courses in extension programs planning and the number of experience years in the extension work. 6. The level of extension workers' knowledge of criteria of the extension programs planning. contributed significantly in explaining (20%) of the variation in level of implementation of extension programs planning activities .


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